International Civil Aviation Organization
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO ) ( German: International Civil Aviation Organization ) was established by the Convention on International Civil Aviation of 7 December 1944 ( Chicago Convention ) and is headquartered in Montréal ( Canada). With the accession of South Sudan November 10, 2011 belong to her now 191 Parties (as of end of 2011). Due to an entered into force on May 13, 1947 agreement, the ICAO has the status of a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The relevant ICAO Regional Office for Europe is located in Neuilly -sur -Seine, near Paris. Germany is ( BMVI ) represented by a permanent delegation of the Federal Ministry of Transport and digital infrastructure, Austria by the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology.
The ICAO built on the CINA founded in 1919 (in French ) or ICAN on ( English), which was disbanded after 1944 in favor of the ICAO. A detailed historical overview can be found in the article on the Convention on International Civil Aviation.
The ICAO logo has been adapted over the years several times. The current form since 1995, the five strokes stand for the name of the organization in the six working languages of ICAO. :
- Arabic transcription of the English acronym ICAO (not the acronym of the Arabic name of the organization)
- Chinese full Chinese name of the organization
- English acronym of the English name of the organization ( ICAO)
- French acronym of the French name of the organization (ICAO )
- Russian transcription of the English acronym ICAO (not the acronym of the Russian name of the organization )
- Spanish acronym of the Spanish name of the organization (ICAO )
The main tasks are:
- Developing and setting binding standards for the aviation industry, which must be implemented by the member countries
- Regulation of international traffic rights, the freedoms of the air
- Development of infrastructures
- Allocation of the ICAO codes for countries and aircraft types
- Development of a standard for machine readable travel documents
- Definition of the limits for aircraft noise emissions ( Klasse-I-/-II-/-III-Flugzeuge according to Annex 16)
The ICAO awards every three years the Edward Warner Medal for outstanding achievement in the field of civil aviation.
According to Article 43 of the Chicago Convention, the ICAO is composed of an assembly, a council, and other organs possibly necessary.
Assembly (Article 48 f )
The Assembly is the supreme body of ICAO. It consists of one representative from each Member State and shall meet at least every three years. Decisions are taken by a majority of the votes cast, provided all the Member States are entitled to one vote each. The main functions of the Assembly are the choice of the Member States meeting within the Council, the examination of the reports of the Council and the revision of the Chicago Convention.
The Council (Art. 50 ff )
The Council is the executive body, responsible for the day to day management. He is regarded as the main body of ICAO. Representatives of 36 States elected by the Assembly for a term of three years. Here are both the most important air traffic States and States of the main geographical areas of the world are taken into account. The main tasks of the Council include performing the directions of the Assembly, an annual reporting to selbige and appointing an Air Transport Committee and an Air Navigation Commission. For the adoption of the recommended by the Air Navigation Commission changes the Annexe is required in accordance with Article 90 a two-thirds majority of Council votes.
Air Navigation Commission ( Article 56 f )
The Air Navigation Commission shall be composed of 19 members who are appointed by the Council. These individuals must have experience in scientific and practical fields of aviation. They mainly deal with the changes of the Annexes to the Chicago Convention.
SAR (Search and Rescue)
In the report issued jointly by ICAO and IMO International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual operation of search and rescue services in many nations due. This facility, known as abbreviated SAR service, guarantees fast and adequate assistance for air and distress cases.
The ICAO alphabet was introduced on 1 March 1956 as the international watch word alphabet by ATC Commission of ICAO. Its use is binding agreement in international radio communications between the Member States of the ITU (Appendix 14 to the Radio Regulations ). It is therefore used worldwide in aerospace and in many other areas, including by NATO, as Buchstabiertafel.
The ICAO codes are used to uniquely identify airports and heliports on the one hand and on the other airlines. The ICAO codes are used primarily by air traffic control, and plan the route and are not to be confused with the existing of only three letter IATA codes for airports with which individuals are confronted much more frequently because they, on reservations, tickets time sheets are used at the airport, etc..
The " Annexe " ( trailer ) for international aviation agreements provide for a uniform international management of various practical aspects of aviation and thus enable international air transport without special training of flight personnel for each country and ensure minimum standards of services for the aviation industry. The following annexes there are (December 2011 ):
- Annex 1: Personnel Licensing - licensing of aviation personnel
- Annex 2: Rules of the Air - Rules of the Air
- Annex 3: Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation - Meteorological Services
- Annex 4: Aeronautical Charts - aeronautical charts
- Annex 5: Units of Measurement to be Used in Air and Ground Operations - Units for use in the air and on the ground
- Annex 6: Operation of Aircraft - operation of aircraft Part I - International Commercial Air Transport - Aeroplanes - commercial aviation with aircraft
- Part II - International General Aviation - Aeroplanes - General Aviation aircraft with
- Part III - International Operations - Helicopters - Rotorcraft
- Volume I - Radio Navigation Aids - Radio Navigation
- Volume II - Communication Procedures including Those with PANS status - Aeronautical Fixed Service, aeronautical, etc.
- Volume III - Communications Systems - technical implementation
- Volume IV - Surveillance Radar and Collision Avoidance Systems - SSR, ACAS, etc.
- Volume V - Aeronautical Radio Frequency Spectrum Utilization - radio frequencies
- Volume I - Aerodrome Design and Operations - Construction and operation of aerodromes
- Volume II - Heliports - Heliports
- Volume I - Aircraft Noise - Aircraft Noise
- Volume II - Aircraft Engine Emissions - emissions from aircraft engines in
- Tropical Cyclone Advisory Centres ( TCACs )
- Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers ( VAACs )