International Civil Aviation Organization airport code

They are not to be confused with the existing of only three letter IATA codes for airports with which individuals are confronted much more common, because they are used in the sale of air services on reservations, tickets, time tables etc. at the airport. They are also not to be confused with the aircraft registration mark.

Character code for airfields

ICAO codes for airports and heliports consist of four Latin letters. Each code - it is also called " location indicator " Document 7910 ICAO - is awarded only once in the world.

Structure of ICAO codes

Part One

The first letter indicates the region / continent, or in some cases the country to where the airport is situated.

The second letter usually indicates the country (eg, ED = Germany, LO = Austria, LS = Switzerland, EC = Great Britain ). Germany has one of the few countries first two combinations, where ED stands for civil and ET ​​for military airfields. This is due to the fact that ET was formerly the German Democratic Republic.

As for Southern Europe (first letter L) all 26 letters were already assigned in second place, had for Kosovo on the first letter B (actually polar region ) be dodged.

  • BG - Greenland
  • BI - Iceland
  • BK - Kosovo
  • DA - Algeria
  • DB - Benin
  • DF - Burkina Faso
  • DG - Ghana
  • DI - Ivory Coast
  • DN - Nigeria
  • DR - Niger
  • DT - Tunisia
  • DX - Togo
  • EB - Belgium
  • ED - Germany
  • EE - Estonia
  • EF - Finland
  • EC - United Kingdom
  • EH - Netherlands
  • EI - Ireland
  • EK - Denmark
  • EL - Luxembourg
  • EN - Norway
  • EP - Poland
  • ES - Sweden
  • ET - Germany (military; formerly GDR )
  • EV - Latvia
  • EY - Lithuania
  • FA - South Africa
  • FB - Botswana
  • FC - Republic of Congo
  • FD - Swaziland
  • FE - Central African Republic
  • FG - Equatorial Guinea
  • FH - Ascension
  • FI - Mauritius
  • FK - Cameroon
  • FL - Zambia
  • FM - Comoros
  • FM - Reunion and Madagascar
  • FN - Angola
  • FO - Gabon
  • FP - São Tomé and Príncipe
  • FQ - Mozambique
  • FS - Seychelles
  • FT - Chad
  • FV - Zimbabwe
  • FW - Malawi
  • FY - Namibia
  • FX - Lesotho
  • FZ - Democratic Republic of Congo
  • GA - Mali
  • GB - The Gambia
  • GC - Canary Islands
  • GE - Melilla and Ceuta
  • GF - Sierra Leone
  • GG - Guinea- Bissau
  • GL - Liberia
  • GM - Morocco
  • GO - Senegal
  • GQ - Mauritania
  • GS - Western Sahara
  • GU - Guinea
  • GV - Cape Verde
  • HA - Ethiopia
  • HB - Burundi
  • HC - Somalia
  • HD - Djibouti
  • HE - Egypt
  • HH - Eritrea
  • HK - Kenya
  • HL - Libya
  • HR - Rwanda
  • HS - Sudan
  • HT - Tanzania
  • HU - Uganda
  • L = Southern Europe LA - Albania
  • LB - Bulgaria
  • LC - Cyprus
  • LD - Croatia
  • LE - Spain
  • LF - France
  • LG - Greece
  • LH - Hungary
  • LI - Italy
  • LJ - Slovenia
  • LK - Czech Republic
  • LL - Israel
  • LM - Malta
  • LN - Monaco
  • LP - Portugal
  • LQ - Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • LT - Turkey
  • LU - Moldova
  • LV - Gaza Strip
  • LW - Macedonia
  • LX - Gibraltar
  • LY - Serbia and Montenegro
  • LZ - Slovakia
  • NC - Cook Islands
  • NF - Fiji and Tonga
  • NG - Kiribati and Tuvalu
  • NI - Niue
  • NL - Wallis and Futuna
  • NS - Samoa
  • NT - Polynesia
  • NV - Vanuatu
  • NW - New Caledonia
  • NZ - New Zealand
  • OA - Afghanistan
  • OB - Bahrain
  • OI - Iran
  • OJ - Jordan
  • OK - Kuwait
  • OM - United Arab Emirates
  • OO - Oman
  • OP - Pakistan
  • OR - Iraq
  • OS - Syria
  • OT - Qatar
  • OY - Yemen
  • PA - Alaska
  • PG - Northern Mariana Islands
  • PH - Hawaii
  • PJ - Johnston Island
  • PK - Marshall Islands
  • PL - Kiribati
  • PM - Midway Islands
  • PT - Micronesia
  • PW - Wake
  • RC - Republic of China ( Taiwan)
  • RJ - Japan
  • RK - Korea
  • RO - Japan
  • RP - Philippines
  • S = South America SA - Argentina
  • SB - Brazil
  • SC - Chile
  • SE - Ecuador
  • SF - Falkland Islands
  • SG - Paraguay
  • SK - Colombia
  • SL - Bolivia
  • SM - Suriname
  • SO - French Guiana
  • SP - Peru
  • SU - Uruguay
  • SY - Guyana
  • TA - Antigua and Barbuda
  • TB - Barbados
  • TD - Dominica
  • TF - French West Indies
  • TG - Grenada
  • TI - Virgin Islands
  • TJ - Puerto Rico
  • TK - St. Kitts and Nevis
  • TL - St. Lucia
  • TN - Aruba and Netherlands Antilles
  • TQ - Anguilla
  • TR - Montserrat
  • TT - Trinidad and Tobago
  • TU - Virgin Islands
  • TV - St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  • TX - Bermuda
  • UA - Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
  • UB - Azerbaijan
  • UD - Armenia
  • UE - Russian Federation
  • UG - Georgia
  • UH - Russian Federation
  • UI - Russian Federation
  • UK - Ukraine
  • UL - Russian Federation
  • UM - Belarus
  • UN - Russian Federation
  • UO - Russian Federation
  • UR - Russian Federation
  • U.S. - Russian Federation
  • UT - Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
  • UU - Russian Federation
  • UW - Russian Federation
  • VA - India
  • VC - Sri Lanka
  • VD - Cambodia
  • VE - India
  • VG - Bangladesh
  • VH - Hong Kong
  • VI - India
  • VL - Laos
  • VM - Macau
  • UN - Nepal
  • VO - India
  • VQ - Bhutan
  • VR - Maldives
  • VT - Thailand
  • VV - Vietnam
  • VY - Myanmar
  • WA - Indonesia ( Sulawesi, Irian Jaya )
  • WB - Brunei, Sabah and Sarawak ( Malaysia)
  • WI - Indonesia (Java, Kalimantan )
  • World Cup - Malaysia ( mainland )
  • WP - East Timor
  • WR - Indonesia (Bali, Lombok, Flores )
  • WS - Singapore
  • Z - People's Republic of China ( except ZK and ZM )
  • ZK - North Korea
  • ZM - Mongolia

Part Two

The last two characters (for countries that are represented by only one letter, the last three ) are used for mapping the airports within the respective countries. Their meanings are regulated differently depending on the country.

Austria

In Austria, for example, is the third letter in small, non-international airports and heliports to the airport which is responsible for the search and rescue service:

  • If the third letter is a G of Graz / Thalerhof airport is in charge, or a K Klagenfurt is responsible etc.
  • If it is at the airport to an international airport, this is indicated by a W.
  • In pure military airfields an X is given.

The fourth letter is usually identical to the first letter of the geographical location, which is associated with the aerodrome, with some exceptions. Examples:

  • LOAM = Vienna Meidlinger Barracks Heliport flight Police ( The heliport is part of the air traffic control center of Vienna. ) However, since W is for international airports, an A is used for Vienna in such cases, to avoid confusion. ( The A comes from the abandoned airport Vienna Aspern )
  • Log K = Kapfenberg (L = Southern Europe, O = Austria, G = Graz Airport, K = Kapfenberg )
  • LOGU = Graz Emergency Hospital / LKH West ( L = Southern Europe, O = Austria, G = Graz Airport, D = UKH / LKH Graz West )
  • LOWS Salzburg = (L = Southern Europe, O = Austria, W = int.Flughafen, S = Salzburg)
  • = LOWW Vienna Schwechat (L = Southern Europe, O = Austria, W = int.Flughafen, W = Vienna)
  • LOWZ = Zell am See (L = Southern Europe, O = Austria, W = Exception, no international airport, Z = Zell am See)
  • LOXN = Military Airfield Wiener Neustadt (L = Southern Europe, O = Austria, X = military airfield, N = New Town)

Germany

In Germany is used for military airfields since reunification ED .. for civil and ET ​​... Prior ED .. was for all aerodromes in the Federal Republic of Germany and ET .. for all aerodromes in the German Democratic Republic in use.

If in civilian courts in third place, a D, so it is an international commercial airport. Example: EDDF - Frankfurt, EDDH - Hamburg, EDDP - Leipzig -Halle.

Until the centralization of AIS was the third letter to the AIS of the international commercial airport, was the place in its area of ​​responsibility. Example: EDFM - Mannheim ( Area of ​​responsibility: Frankfurt), or EDHK - Kiel (range, Hamburg).

The fourth letter corresponds to - if available - the first letter of the place.

In military airfields of the third letter indicates which branches of the armed force uses the square.

Switzerland

In Switzerland, the so-called FIR ( Flight Information Region) LS divided into two approximately equal halves. It is to the information areas of Zurich and Geneva. The third letter is assigned to either one of these sub- regions or private, helicopter or military courts. The last letter is usually the initial of the airfield.

Airfields within the Zurich region will be complemented with LSZ_. In Geneva LSG_ accordingly. (Examples: LSZH = Zurich Airport, LSGG = Aéroport International de Genève ). Furthermore, there is LSP_ ( private ), LSX_ ( Heli ) and LSM_ (military) airports. A specialty arises when binational Euro Airport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg: since this is the one on French territory and France is allocated, it carries the ICAO code LFSB (B for Basle ), but also has the "Special AFTN Address " designated ( the attributable Switzerland ) code LSZM.

USA

In the U.S., the first letter (K ) is generally simply added the respective airport IATA Code, to form the ICAO code (example: KJFK for New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport). But the reverse is not allowed: Because there are many small airports and courts, which have received no IATA identifier, the American Federal Aviation Administration has awarded its own 3- letter codes for such aerodromes without reconcile these codes with IATA. (Example: KNRN is the ICAO code for the airfield Norton Municipal in Kansas / USA with FAA Code NOS IATA, however, the letter combination NRN has forgiven north of Dusseldorf Airport Niederrhein / Weeze. . )

Codes for airfields in the states of Alaska and Hawaii in the region Northern Pacific and therefore start with PA or PH.

Character code for airlines

For airlines, it is a coding from the ICAO. It currently consists of three letters (eg DLH for Lufthansa German Airlines, Austrian Airlines for the Austrian Airlines Group or SWR for Swiss International Airlines) and is in ICAO document 8585 ( Designators for Aircraft Operating Agencies, Aeronautical Authorities and Services ) set. They are based on a system such as the airfield codes.

Similar to the airports, passengers are the two-letter IATA codes or numbers (eg LH for Lufthansa German Airlines, Austrian Airlines and OS for LX for Swiss International Airlines) more common. However, some companies use their ICAO 3 -letter code, either because they have no IATA code or marketing reasons. For example, use the easyJet primarily to its concise ICAO code EZY instead of the IATA code U2.

The three letter ICAO code was introduced in the mid 1980s due to the increased number of airlines. After a transitional phase, he joined 1 November 1987, binding in force. Previously, there was this code (such as the IATA Code ) of only two letters. When an airline entering the Association, IATA, ICAO her two-digit code has been adopted as the IATA code. Solely on the basis of the code was at that time not possible to determine whether an airline was a member of IATA (eg LH was ICAO code and IATA code for the same time the German Lufthansa but on the other hand was a double room only for the ICAO code of the CALAIR because this was not an IATA member).

Character code for aircraft types

In addition, the ICAO four-digit awards, made ​​up of letters and digits codes for aircraft types (example A332 for the Airbus A330 -200), see list of aircraft type codes. All aircraft get a ICAO code, the ( Aircraft Type Designators ) are to look up in the Document 8643.

Character code for machine readable travel documents

In addition to pure air traffic signs are also signs of the ICAO Machine Readable Travel Documents (English: machine readable travel documents - MRTD ) assigned, in turn, include the countries of character codes. The region codes are described in the document 9303/MRTD ICAO.

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