The Spanish airports and NavegaciÃ Aérea ( AENA ) is a Spanish state-owned company, organized as a public corporation ( entidad pública empresarial ), which is responsible for the operation of domestic airports and air traffic control of the Spanish airspace. In addition, owns shares in AENA airports in Mexico, USA, Cuba, Colombia, Bolivia, Sweden and the UK. AENA claims to be the world's largest airport operator by number of passengers.
Early December 2010 announced the then Spanish government on a possible partial privatization of AENA. This should be done in several steps: In a first step, the air traffic control 13 Spanish airports was awarded to two private operators in September 2011; in a second step, 20-year concessions to operate the airports of Madrid -Barajas and Barcelona -El Prat to private operators should be written and their capital be opened at 90.05 %; then should 49% of the subsidiary Aena Aeropuertos that should operate the remaining airports, are placed with private investors. After the change of government in Spain in late 2011, the new Conservative government presented in January 2012, the whole concept of privatization, first on the ice.
End of 2012, plans for the privatization of AENA were announced again; these plans were postponed the end of summer 2013 to spring 2014. After the end of October announced plans to up to 60 % of the capital are brought to the market, the government will seek to vote (including debt ) of up to EUR 15 billion.
Air traffic control
AENA is responsible for all flight procedures Area Control Centre, transport control, air traffic control and the arrival and departure control, and air traffic control at the national level.
In September 2011, the air traffic of 13 airports was awarded to two private operators to reduce operating costs. The airports of Alicante, Valencia, Ibiza, Sabadell, Sevilla, Jerez, Vigo, A Coruna, Melilla, and Cuatro Vientos near Madrid will henceforth be secured by a run by the construction group Ferrovial consortium, while the private service Saerco the Canary Island airports of Lanzarote, Fuerteventura and La Palma guaranteed. About privatization of air traffic control as other airports, the government has not yet decided.
The airports of Aena be a 100 % subsidiary, AENA Aeropuertos held, which was founded in early 2011 as a private limited company in regard to the possible privatization.
Airports in Spain
Among the total of 47 Spanish airports, which are operated by AENA Aeropuertos are four airports in the Balearic Islands, eight Canary on the islands and the largest Spanish Madrid-Barajas Airport, at the same time Europe's fourth largest airport and the world 's tenth (see: List of largest international airports ). The heliport in the Spanish enclave of Ceuta in North Africa is also managed by AENA.
In addition, of the Aena Aeropuertos Internacional SA another 27 airports operated in 8 countries.
Aena is involved with 33.33 percent of the Mexicanos del Pacifico Aeropuertos ( AMP). This is a 15% major shareholder of the listed Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico, which operates 12 privatized airports in western Mexico, including
- Guadalajara Airport ( 7.0 million passengers (2010) )
- Tijuana Airport ( 3.6 million)
- Los Cabos ( 2.7 million)
- Puerto Vallarta ( 2.7 million)
- Hermosillo ( 1.1 million)
- Guanajuato ( 0.9 million)
- As well as the smaller airports in Aguascalientes, La Paz, Los Mochis, Morelia, Manzanillo and Mexicali.
The 12 airports in Mexico had in 2010 a volume of 20.2 million passengers.
Aena is involved in three airports in Colombia:
- Barranquilla Airport ( 1.0 million passengers ): 40 % of Aeropuertos del Caribe SA
- Cartagena Airport ( 1.4 million): 37.89 % of Sociedad Aeroportuaria de la Costa
- Cali airport: 33.34% of Aerocali
The three airports in Colombia had a total volume of 5.0 million passengers.
Aena is involved in the Aeropuerto Internacional Jardines del Rey, which operates the Cayo Coco airport with 371 thousand passengers.
In addition, Aena is a 10 percent stake in British airport operator TBI. TBI was established in 1972, renamed in TBI in 1994 and in 2004 by Abertis Infraestructuras ( 90%) and Aena Desarrollo Internacional (10% ) was taken. TBI operates airports in the UK, Sweden, USA, Costa Rica and Bolivia.