A roof riders in architecture a roof structure, a aufsitzendes on the roof ridge sleek, often wooden turrets, which often serves as a belfry. In contrast to the right of the tower roof turret does not have a foundation, but is placed in carpenter work by means of posts on the roof.
The shape of the ridge turret was developed by the Cistercians and the mendicant orders in the 13th century to its simple and towerless church buildings. Roof skylights are often found on chapels and small churches and narrow. In the Gothic cathedrals with west tower installations of roof skylights mostly replaced the crossing tower, to the point where the cross nave and transept.
In the late Middle Ages, roof skylights can also be found in secular buildings or on a gable. Roof turret with bell, there is often the gatehouses of the manors, the manors themselves, on large farms, on buildings, the fire department, to town halls and on mining Huthäusern. Nowadays you will find private houses individual roof figures as " roof riders ". The village Seckach in the Neckar - Odenwald-Kreis between Book and Osterburken has, for example, over 50 such mainly designed by local artists roof ornaments.
Examples of different types of roof skylights
Roof skylights above the crossing of the St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague
Roof turret of All Saints in Raschau, 1790
Cistercian churches were turmlos: Altenberg Cathedral
Schloss Bensberg 1703-1711
Roof rider on the 1786 built Huthaus the Pit " brings happiness" in train to Freiberg