The passing game, English and Passing Play, is a way to gain space in American Football. With a passing game through the potential pass receiver, such as a wide receiver or tight ends, a predetermined pass route around, doing from their opponents, usually cornerbacks freewheel. The quarterback moves the ball over to him ( the snap ) a few steps backwards, away from the line of scrimmage ( the drop- Back). Then he throws a pass receiver or runs even if no receiver is free. The receiver of the pass is often specified in amateur leagues and youth leagues, especially from the coach, in higher leagues decides the quarterback himself, whom he throws the ball. The receiver does not catch the ball, the pass is incomplete ( incomplete). Does the receiver drop the ball before he has it under control, this is a drop ( of dropped ball ) when it already under control had a fumble and the ball is receivable for both teams. If it is possible a cornerback or another defender to trap the ball, it is called an interception. Each turn a ball toward the opponent's end zone (forward pass ) is maximum allowed. Pass games on the same level or in the backcourt ( Lateralpässe ), however, are as often as possible during a turn.
The passing game is more uncertain than the running game because not every pass is complete, which is not the case with a normal ball over to the running back. However, full passports usually bring more profit space as a run.
Over time, many pass routes have developed, these are the most commonly used:
- Go / Fly: straight ahead
- Fade: almost like a go- route, except that the wide receiver slightly outward ' drifting '
- Post: about 10 yards straight ahead, then at an angle of about 45 ° to the inside - to the goalpost, the goal posts in American Football
- Corner: like a post, about 10 yards straight ahead, then at an angle of about 45 ° to the outside - the game corner
- Slant: A step ahead, then with a bend of about 45 ° to the inside
- In / Out: 5 yards straight ahead, then at right angles to the inside / outside
- Curl / Hook: about 6 yards straight ahead, then a rotation of about 180 ° ( the pass is during rotation usually already on the way )
- Comeback as a hook, except that the Wide Reveiver favorable to the quarterback
- Flat / flare / Wheel: the running backs and tight ends reserved route, just run to the outside from the backfield
- Under: how the Flat, but inwardly
In the American Football underlying Rugby passports are only allowed to the rear. The first forward pass was thrown in 1886 in a game against the Yale University Princeton University by Walter Camp. Although he was still illegal, he was recognized by the judges. Until the official legalization in 1906, the forward pass was used from time to time, however, declared invalid in most cases. The passing game was legalized mainly because of the otherwise very bloody football games because the players at that time wore no equipment. There were 18 deaths in 1905 and 159 seriously injured in football sports. The adjustment to the new forward pass was generally positive, but he was considered to be very uncertain and can only be used in exceptional situations, since the opposing team even takes over the ball at an incomplete pass.
The first legal pass was thrown by Bradbury Robinson in the same year. The quarterback of the Saint Louis University (SLU ) threw the game against the Carroll College after an incomplete pass, a complete 20 -yard touchdown pass to Jack Schneider. Also in the rest of the season caught many more universities so to introduce forward passes. Despite these many experiments, the SLU had under head coach Eddie Cochem's the best passes and the best stats, so they reached a perfect season with a record of eleven victories in no defeats. The takeover of the system by the popular football team of University of Notre Dame passing game became more popular. Since the football rather resembled a rugby ball and thus was relatively unsuitable for passing, his form was changed to 1912 several times.