Free throw

A free throw is to score a point in basketball a way for a player through an unobstructed throw. Free throws are awarded to a team only after a foul by the opponent.

  • 4.1 Position of the free- thrower
  • 4.2 positions of the remaining players
  • 4.3 External links

Game situations

One or more free throws there, if a player of the opponent commits a personal or unsportsmanlike foul, or when players, substitutes, coaches or team followers commit a technical or disqualifying foul.

Restriction on personal fouls

Free throws there in a personal foul only when a player is fouled in the act, or throw the train to the basket, or if the team foul limit, ie, all committed by one team in the same quarter fouls, has been exceeded. This limit is in Germany and games, the FIBA five fouls in the NBA with six fouls per quarter. In offensive fouls, so a player's ball leading team fouls, no free throws are executed.

Number of free throws

The number of free throws depends on the underlying action:

  • If a player is fouled in a basket or action on a roll and the ball goes in the basket, so count the points and the player also receives a free throw. This is also true for unsportsmanlike or disqualifying fouls, which occur in a basket or a throwing action.
  • If a player is fouled in a basket or action on a roll and the ball does not go in the basket, so the player gets two or three free throws, depending on how many points the union would have achieved. A normal basket would therefore two free throws, a three-point throw three free throws result.
  • For technical fouls there are always two free throws ( FIBA ) or a (NBA).

Determination of the free thrower

For personal and unsportsmanlike fouls the fouled player must make the free throws. If this is not possible due to an injury, his replacement player performs the free throws. When a technical foul, the fouled team can decide which player will perform the free throws.

Positions of the players

Position of the free thrower

The free-throw shooter takes up a position behind the free throw line at the top of the confined zone and inside the semicircle in the implementation of free throws. The thrower must not doing the free throw line not touch or cross before the ball has touched the ring.

Positions of the remaining players

Maximum five players may be set up at the side lines of the limiting zone in the appropriate positions (see figure) ( deviations are in American college basketball). The respective lower position of both sides, which is closest to the baseline and to the basket, each may be occupied only by a player of the team that is not running the free throw ( here Team B ). In addition, must be set up on each side of a player throwing team ( Team A ). In addition, there is another player to keep throwing team may at one of the two sides adjacent to one of the opponent up ( player of Team B).

The other players must remain outside the two-point range ( behind the three-point line) and behind the free throw line (up to the same level as the free thrower or behind him). The player at the zone may only change their positions when the ball has left the thrower's hand. All other players can not move into the zone when the ball has touched the ring.

The thrown ball must touch the ring or (from above) by dropping him: not allowed a direct or an indirect face-off face-off over the board or the ground are.