Friedrich Alfred Krupp

Friedrich Alfred Krupp ( born February 17, 1854 in Essen, † November 22, 1902 ) was a German industrialist and politician.


Friedrich Alfred Krupp received a classical humanistic education at the Royal Grammar School at Castle Square to eat. He built the Krupp founded by his grandfather, Friedrich Krupp and adopted by his father Alfred Krupp cast steel factory, which has now been merged into the ThyssenKrupp AG, further. The factory, which added Friedrich Alfred Krupp by a new smelter in Rheinhaus mainly produced armaments. The number of workers for whom he initiated numerous social measures, doubled under his leadership, to nearly 45,000. His social commitment was revolutionary for its time, because he was, for example, the author of the settlement Altenhof in Essen- Ruettenscheid. These stylish houses of the settlement were former plant employees live free. You should get away from here then gray industrial environments.

From 1893 to 1898 Friedrich Alfred Krupp was as MP for the constituency of food to the Reichstag. In the Reichstag, he joined the Group of the Free Conservatives.

Friedrich Alfred Krupp married in 1882 Margarethe Krupp, nee Baroness von Ende, with whom he had shared the daughters Bertha and Barbara.

Krupp on Capri

Krupp was a lover of the island of Capri, where he spent the winter months from 1899 to 1902. On Capri he had hit a steep winding path in the rock, the later Via Krupp, which is a tourist attraction today. Marine research was Krupp's main occupation of Capri. He had on site contacts with other naturalists like Felix Anton Dohrn and Ignazio Cerio.

At the Marina Piccola he can extend a den for cozy get-togethers and "diverse Festivities" with friends Congrega di Fra Felice in winter 1901/ 02. It is disputed whether he excesses with young lovers celebrated in this cave, or whether such allegations only were part of a blackmail by a journalist. Krupp learned in June 1902 by such accusations. On 15 and 20 October he attacked the Italian newspaper propaganda as pederasts; on November 15, 1902 went on to describe him and the German Social Democratic newspaper forward as homosexual. Shortly thereafter, on November 22, he died at the Villa Hügel in Essen. Officially a stroke was reported as the cause of death. Some newspaper suspected then a suicide.

Burial and Testament

Friedrich Alfred Krupp was buried in the cemetery at Kettwiger gate at the High Castle Street in Essen. Due to expansion of the station forecourt in 1910, the grave was moved south of the main railway station in freedom. 1955 forced local construction again a relocation of the tomb. She has since been in the municipal cemetery at the Bredeney Westerwaldstraße in Essen.

In his will he ordered the conversion of the company into a joint stock company whose shares received his elder daughter Bertha.

Burial in the cemetery at Kettwiger gate at November 26, 1902; right Kaiser Wilhelm II

Created tomb in the cemetery Bredeney of polished black marble from Munich sculptor Otto Lang (1855-1928), covered by the wings of a bronze eagle