Funk, who was a Protestant denomination, was in the First World War, despite his young age soldier. He then studied agriculture in Munich and Hohenheim and finished his studies with a degree in agriculture. In 1932 he took over the family smallholding in Neuses on sand, which he acquired in 1936.
Friedrich Funk was elected in 1948 as a non-party candidate in the council of the county Gerolzhofen. He joined in 1949 after its formation as an official candidate of the CSU and belonged to the German Bundestag since its first election in 1949 until his death in 1963. He was always directly elected to Parliament in the constituency of Schweinfurt. 1953 to 1957 he was deputy chairman of the CSU group in the CDU / CSU parliamentary group. From 1957 until his death he was vice chairman of the Petitions Committee of the German Bundestag.