Friedrich Wieck

Johann Gottlob Friedrich Wieck ( born August 18, 1785 Pretzschendorf; † October 6, 1873 in Loschwitz ) was a German musician and teacher and the father of Clara Schumann.

Life and work

Friedrich Wieck's passion for music evolved with almost no promotion on the part of the parents 'house, already as a high school student at the St. Thomas School in Leipzig, he took piano lessons without their parents' knowledge, however, studied theology at their request. After graduation, he worked as a private tutor and married in 1817, the singer Marianne Tromlitz, a daughter of the flute virtuoso Johann Georg Tromlitz ( 1725-1805 ). With her he had five children: Adelheid ( who died in childhood ), Clara (* 1819, later the wife of Robert Schumann), Alwin (* 1821), Gustav (* 1823) and Victor (* 1824). At the time of the birth of Victor 's parents had already separated. 1828 Wieck married Clementine Fechner twenty years younger. Marianne Wieck born Tromlitz later moved to Berlin and married to music educators Adolph Bargiel ( 1783-1841 ). A child from this marriage was the composer Woldemar Bargiel, Clara Schumann's half-brother.

Wieck was from 1818 to 1835 in Leipzig, owner of a piano factory and a Musikalienleihinstitus. In this capacity, he traveled several times to Vienna at his local business partner Matthew Andreas Stein. On one of these trips he visited in the summer quarters in baiting village in July 1823 Ludwig van Beethoven. The detailed discussion of both is passed down through Beethoven's conversation books, as well as a letter Wieck. 1828 bought Wieck a fortepiano of stone for his daughter Clara. He is now in the Robert - Schumann-Haus Zwickau and was pictured along with Clara Schumann on the back of the DM 100 bill.

1840 moved to Dresden Weck and last lived in Loschwitz. In December 1844, he met with the piano teacher and composer Karl collars and other people to organize a chamber music series.

Wieck is one of the most important music educators of the early 19th century in Germany. Successful student was his daughter Clara. He trained them, organized for them at the time often to be handled only with troubles concert tours throughout Europe and helped her through his activities to former celebrity. More students Wieck were Hans von Bülow and the composer Robert Schumann, Clara married the later against the will of her father in 1840. The marriage license Schumann had to obtain compensation from the court. This in turn led to a rupture of friendly relations between the two, which to no longer recurred reconciliation despite the efforts Wieck. Peter Schamoni turned a 1983 film entitled Spring Symphony picture of the complex relationship between father and daughter in connection with the marriage of Clara Wieck and Robert Schumann. In this film, Rolf Hoppe Friedrich Wieck played.

Friedrich Wieck was buried in the Trinity Cemetery.


  • Piano and singing. Didactic and polemical, Leipzig: Whisling 1853 - Reprint ed. by Sigrid Lehmstedt, Regensburg: Con Brio 1996, ISBN 3-930079-86-0
  • Musical Bauer sayings and aphorisms serious and serene content, 2 Aufl. Leipzig: Leuckart 1875