Fyodor Aleksandrovich Abramov (Russian Фёдор Александрович Абрамов; * February 29, 1920 in Werkola in Arkhangelsk, Russia, † 14 May 1983; Leningrad) was a Soviet writer. He is considered an important representative of the Soviet village prose.
Growing up in a large family - his father died when Fyodor was two years old - he finished school in 1938 and studied at the Faculty of Philology of Leningrad University. In 1941 he went as a volunteer to the front, where he was wounded twice in the hospital and was taken in 1942 on the frozen Lake Ladoga into the hinterland. Because of his language skills, he found temporary employment with the counterintelligence. He graduated in 1948. In 1951, he completed a doctorate on the work of Mikhail Sholokhov. 1951-1960 he taught as a lecturer at the Institute of Soviet literature of the Leningrad University. From 1962 he worked as a freelance writer. In particular it was the " sincerity" central demand, which led to tensions with the censors.
From 1949 he published literary works and literary critical articles in the Soviet literature
His stories Pelageja (1969 ), Wooden Horse (1970) and Alka (1972 ) made him one of the most widely read Soviet authors.
Great attention was awarded his novel cycle " Prjaslins " ( 1958-78 ), in which the village Pekaschino becomes an example of life in the country, whose fate is described by the time of the war up to the present.
- State Prize of the USSR in 1975
- Pelageja, ( Пелагея ). (1969)
- Wooden Horses ( Деревянные кони ). (1970 ) novel
- Alka ( Алька ). (1972 ) (Eng. 1978)
- Journey into the past ( Поездка в прошлое ), ( 1974 ru. Publ. , 1986, German 1989)
Novel cycle " Prjaslins "
- Brothers and sisters ( Братья и сестры, 1958 ) dt 1976
- Two winter, three summer ( Две зимы и три лета ). (1968 ) dt 1976
- Paths and crossroads ( Пути - перепутья ). (1973 ) dt 1976
- The House ( Дом ). (1978)