The GAZ M -21 ( from 1965 GAZ 21 ) triggered the 1956 GAZ M-20 Pobeda from and was produced until 1968 by GAZ in today's Nizhny Novgorod on the Volga. He was the first car with the brand name Volga. From previous few assemblies were taken. There were a few modifications and a combined M- 22nd
Was first presented to the car in 1955. Initially there were some differing from one another in pre-production (M -21G, M -21B, M -21A, M - 21W ), before 1957 a single series production began. The vehicle was originally called the car of the middle class, according to current classification but rather the Upper Middle Class Act. The pontoon body of the M-21 differed significantly from the hump shape of the Pobeda and followed then design trends. Allusions to the fast-paced American style are unmistakable. Already at the beginning of the 1960s the M-21 was optically out of date. Also technically was broad developmental arrest. It was originally planned, the Volga equipped with an automatic transmission, which was also developed and published. In fact, it stayed with the manual transmission. During the production period were two upgrades, but essentially limited to the front end design. In the GDR, he was mostly used as authorities car or taxi, while he was often bought in the USSR of the accommodation. The export was also in Western countries. Here, the M-21 was used primarily in the Scandinavian countries customers. Due to its robust construction, the vehicle is still occasionally encountered in everyday use, especially in the southern regions of the former Soviet Union. In Germany, the M-21 is, however, become a much sought after classic car. Market observations of Classic Data According to drag the prices for some years greatly.
In Vietnam in 1959 was a car "Triumph" made , which was based on the Volga M21.
Volga 21, second series
Volga 21, third series
GAZ M22 Volga station wagon
The engine with overhead valves was considerably advanced and powerful than that of the Pobeda. In order to ensure on the one hand and on the other hand durability undemanding in terms of fuel quality, a compression ratio of only 6.6 has been chosen. This brought in relation to the performance a fairly high fuel consumption 12-14 liters per 100 km with it, but this played a minor role in the Soviet Union due to lower fuel prices. The 3 -speed transmission was quite sufficient for the highly elastic engine. Like most vehicles of the USSR decreed also the Volga M-21 over a large ground clearance of about 20 cm, to be suited to the condition of the local roads. Later, smaller quantities were fitted due to the high fuel consumption in Belgium at Scaldia with diesel engines from Perkins and Peugeot.
GAZ M -22 Volga
The GAZ M -22 ( from 1965 GAZ 22) is the wagon version of the GAZ 21 The model was only from 1962, and two years longer than the M-21 produced. In the USSR, the vehicles were not available for private buyers, and served as a taxi, authorities and ambulances. the M22 accounted for only a small portion of the former Volga - production. Among the importing countries counted among other things, the GDR.