Globus cruciger

An orb (lat. Cruciger globe, globe of " ball " crux "cross" and gerere " bear ") is a symbol of power in the form of a globe with attached cross.

  • 3.1 Examples of Arms

Orb of the Holy Roman Empire

The orb goes back in history to the world of the Romans, who symbolized the world domination of the Roman Empire and thus the universal idea of ​​empire. In medieval and modern coins, the German emperors and kings are often depicted with the orb in his left hand. Also on coins of the Rhenish Palatinate Count ( electoral lines) is shown the orb, for they had held the office of Erztruchsesses, which was symbolized by the orb ( Erzämter ).

A first indication of a presented orb found in a report on the coronation of Emperor Henry II by Pope Benedict VIII on 14 February 1014. A orb is also in 1191 at the coronation of Henry VI. the new emperor presented. The shape of the cross and filigree ornaments suggest that this orb can not be significantly developed earlier. On the other hand, there is no evidence that the orb of the Holy Roman Empire, which is now preserved in the treasury in Vienna, was presented to the emperor. The lexicon of the Middle Ages wrote: The traditional regalia, including scepter and orb, were selected from the hoard will.

Orb from the grave inventory of Henry III. consisting of iron, wood and beeswax

Orb of the Holy Roman Empire ( front and back ), engraving of 1755

Empire apples from other monarchs

Empire of Austria

For orb the Empire of Austria see Austrian imperial crown.

Kingdom of Great Britain

For the orb of the Kingdom of the UK, see orb British monarch.


The insignia of the Danish kings are kept in the basement of Rosenborg Castle.


The orb of the Norwegian royal insignia was made in 1818 in Stockholm and consists of gilded silver. The globe is divided by a decorated with roses gold band into two halves. A similar strip divides the upper hemisphere in two parts. It says an orb in a small format with a Latin cross chiselled. See also: imperial sword (Norway )


The Prussian Empire apple in the form of a blue enameled ball with gold ring and a gold cross is adorned with 50 facets and 36 rubies stones and was created in 1700 as Krönungsinsignie for the coronation of King Frederick I. 1701.

The Danish orb

Orb in heraldry

In heraldry the orb is a common figure and is very scattered to be found in the coat of arms. The presentation is by a ball with attached cross. The ball is a metal band, such as a stretched equator and the middle band is continued upwards so that it terminates in the cross. The temporal power of symbolizing has been carried in front of the German speaking area by the Steward as a special officer to the Emperor these insignia. The Count Palatine had adopted this symbol in their coat of arms. It was probably the Bavarian Rhenish Palatinate and Palatine, the best of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Here the orb in the coat of arms is somewhat frequent. As the insignia of the Prussian eagle holds the character to the left and a scepter right in the catch. Repetition in the upper crest of the coat of arms Kingdom of Prussia. Here, the orb is blue with golden cross on circlet.

Coat examples

Argent, a blue orb ( spot sign ) with golden hardware and blue cross with paw ends

In black, a blue orb with golden fittings and cross

In red a golden orb

In red a golden orb with trefoil cross

Uppsala and Uppland, Sweden: In red a golden orb with golden cross

In China as a symbol


The astronomical symbol of the planet Earth has the shape of an orb (globus with cross).