Golm (Potsdam)

52.40805555555612.96388888888936Koordinaten: 52 ° 24 ' 29 " N, 12 ° 57' 50" E

Location of Golm in Brandenburg

Good Schloss Golm

Golm (of Kulm, in westslawisch Chelm "hill", compare Polish Chelm ) is a district situated to the west of Potsdam. It is home to, among others, a complex of the University of Potsdam, several institutes of the Max Planck Society and the Fraunhofer -Gesellschaft and the Havel country Barracks, which extends into the district oak, the Brandenburg Land Command of the German Armed Forces. The name refers to either the 68 m above sea level. NN high Reiherberg at the village or on the 57 m above sea level high Ehrenpforten mountain in the east of the district.

  • 3.1 Coat of Arms


The district is bordered to the north by the districts Potsdam pit and Bornim, on the east by the Potsdam district of oak, to the south -west wildlife park that belongs to the district of the municipality Geltow Havel, and to the west by the Great Zernsee.

To the southeast lies the Golm living space Kuhfort the wildlife park in Potsdam. West of this is the valley of the Golm lynx.


On Slavic settlers of the 9th to the 11th century, the local name goes back, which means something like hills. In the 11th to 12th centuries then wandered to German settlers. The earliest recorded mention Golm dates back to 1289th In 1685 settled in Golm and the surrounding Swiss farmers down and influenced the development sustainable.

On the eastern edge of the district were in the 1930s for the "Air Intelligence Division of the Luftwaffe " several buildings erected. In the field Meisterschule also the " kingdom Musikzug " Herms Niels was stationed.

In GDR times, moved in the southeastern part (for Kuhforter dam towards ) the National People's Army - there is now the Bundeswehr -, in the northwestern part (at the current station towards ) the Academy of the Ministry of State Security - now part of the University of Potsdam.

In the eastern part of Golm there were drilling for natural gas, which ranged several hundred meters into the earth.

From 1948 to 1993 was located near the radio station Golm for medium wave. The transmit power was 20 kW. For a 100-meter high wooden tower was built in 1948 out of the material of the towers of the radio station Rehmate, the transmitting antennas wore four arms ( Vertical Reuse ). Later, this tower was by two 51 meter high steel masts (even radiant, Marconi antenna with capacitive roof load and loading coil, an operating antenna, a spare antenna) replaced. On October 25, 1979, the wooden tower that blasted since 27 October 1953 the day of the demolition of the wooden tower in Wiederau, may have been the tallest building made ​​of wood in the GDR, was due to disrepair.

Management affiliation

Golm was a municipality of the district Osthavelland. On August 1, 1935, the place in the urban district of Potsdam was reclassified. On July 25, 1952, he was separated from Potsdam. He trained with the neighboring oak along the new community oak -Golm in Potsdam county. On January 1, 1962, Golm split from oak and became independent again. Finally, Golm was incorporated on 26 October 2003, after protests to Potsdam. The majority of the residents and the council supported the connection to Werder ( Havel ).


Coat of arms

The coat of arms was designed by Frank heraldist Diemar and shows a heron on a green background, a speaking element for the Reiherberg.


Below the mountain herons are the old village church from the 13th century and the new Golmer Church, inaugurated on 24 July 1886. It was named after its sponsors, the 99 -day Emperor Frederick III. named, who still promoted as Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm the construction of the church with his wife Victoria. Right next to this neo-Gothic church is the "Stork Bank", from where you can watch storks on a lying across the street Horst.

At Great Zernsee is the castle manor Golm, where recovered 70 years ago UFA stars of the shooting. It was built in 1912-1914 by order of Niuta of the Bottle mountain.


The bypass railway opened in 1902 led by Golm and was initially a single-track branch line. During the construction of the Berlin outer ring in the 1950s, the line was expanded. The station has Golm regional train connection on the lines of Potsdam to Wustermark and Hennig village. Since 2011, additional trains between Potsdam and Schönefeld Airport are routed via Golm.