Gymkhana [ dʒɪmkænə, kanə ] (probably from Hindi जिमख़ाना ( gẽdkhāna ) or Urdu جمخانہ ( gendkhāna ), Bengali জিমখানা; ball court ) is formed in the 1960s Motorsport variant in which the driver has to go through an obstacle course as quickly as possible. Gymkhana won from the 1980s increasingly popular, especially in Japan, the UK and the USA.
Drivers must exit in the shortest possible time a staked example with pylons, stacks of tires or straw bales course, for which they apply mainly drift techniques. Gymkhana courses are run throughout the year. Needed a cleared area and to umfahrende obstacles. Gymkhana will be held in two runs; the passage with the fastest time will be considered. For each touched obstacle a time penalty is awarded. Car and driver are divided into different output categories.
Gymkhana in Germany
The Automobile Club of Germany ( AVD ) promotes the sport in Germany, where the club more emphasis on skill and accuracy sets than on speed. For example, a slalom course must be passed backwards and forwards here. Also a track lane is traversed and counted the parking in a tight parking spot. Timing plays a subordinate role.
The course shall consist of 10 different obstacles, the Task 7 "Rectangular Meeting" must be set up as the last obstacle always. The order of the tasks is not fixed.
- Task 1: gate entrance forward ( 2 posts )
- Exercise 1a: reverse gate entrance (2 posts )
- Task 2: gate entrance reverse ( 4 posts )
- Task 2a: gate entrance forward ( 4 posts )
- Task 3: Hold front gate forward
- Task 4: Hold front gate backwards
- Task 5: parking space right
- Task 6: parking space left
- Task 7: rectangle meeting
- Task 8: Apply twice
- Task 9: Centrifugal double
- Task 10: Brett balance
- Task 11: Track Alley forward right
- Task 12: Track alley behind left
- Exercise 13: lane backwards and forwards
- Task 14: Park Bay backward
- Task 14a: Park Bay forward
Compliance with the course plan is binding, any deviation is evaluated with two penalty points. The contact with an obstacle or a mark shall be punished by two points.
In Switzerland Gymkhana is used for equestrian games. The tasks to be solved in this case can also contain elements from the traditional equestrian sport.