Rispiges gypsophila ( Gypsophila paniculata )
The Rispige gypsophila ( Gypsophila paniculata ), also panicles gypsum herb and veil gypsum herb gardening gypsophila is a species of the carnation family ( Caryophyllaceae ). The species is cultivated as an ornamental plant.
The Rispige gypsum herb is a perennial, herbaceous plant, reaching heights of growth from 50 to 90 cm. It forms a beet -like thickened root of up to 2.4 m in length. The stems are upright and are bare, only the reason they are occupied with soft glandular hairs. The leaves are 20 to 70 mm long, 2.5 to 10 mm wide, lanceolate leaf of shape and sharply pointed.
The inflorescence is a loose, Vielblütige panicle, which is glandular- hairy or bald. The single flowers have a diameter of approximately 4 mm. The cup is 1.5 to 2 mm long, the calyx teeth are ovate and blunt. The petals are 3-4 mm long, rounded at the front and white, rarely pink. The stamens are longer than the crown. The flowers are mostly hermaphrodite and protandrous. Pollination is by insects, especially Diptera and Hymenoptera by. Bloom time is June to September.
The capsules are 3-5 mm long and roundish. The seeds bear blunt cusps. The plant is a steppe scooter.
The chromosome number is 2n = 28, 34
The Rispige gypsum herb is native to West Siberia from Eastern Europe. In Central Europe the rich natural resources to Vienna and the March Field (Lower Austria ) and South Moravia. It is often planted in gardens and wild in Central Europe rare, in Mecklenburg -Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Baden- Württemberg and South Tyrol.
It grows in sandy plains and sand hills. Naturalises it also occurs in sandy dry grasslands, to rubble and along railroad and embankments. It is limited to the amount colline level.
The Rispige gypsum herb is cultivated as an ornamental plant. In the past, saponinreichen roots were used as the soap roots, cultivated plants that.
- M. A. Fischer, K. Oswald, W. Adler: Exkursionsflora for Austria, Liechtenstein and South Tyrol. Third Edition, Upper Austria, Biology Centre of the Upper Austrian Provincial Museum, Linz 2008, ISBN 978-3-85474-187-9
- Siegmund Seybold (ed.): Schmeil Fitschen - interactive ( CD -Rom ), Quelle & Meyer, Wiebelsheim 2001/2002, ISBN 3-494-01327-6