Hans Weigel

Julius Hans Weigel ( * May 29, 1908 in Vienna, † 12 August 1991, Maria Grossenzersdorf ) was a freelance writer and until 1962 also a theater critic. He lived in Vienna, except from 1938 to 1945 when he lived in exile in Switzerland.


Before the "Anschluss" of Austria to the German Reich Nazi- dominated, in 1938, he worked at Vienna cabarets. After that he went to 1945 in Switzerland. After his return, he also wrote reviews, especially for courier and new Austria. Together with Torberg he was responsible for years of boycott Bertolt Brecht on Austrian stages, which he declined because of his communist ideology.

Hans Weigel was 1951-1954 the anthology series votes out of the present, in which he promoted especially young writers, including Ilse Aichinger, Gerhard Fritsch and Ingeborg Bachmann, with whom he was romantically involved at times. Weigel himself reports about this time in his 1951 published novel key Unfinished Symphony. Today, he is the namesake of Hans Weigel literary scholarship, which is awarded annually by the State of Lower Austria and is endowed with 6,450 euros. He also worked on comedies Nestroys for the Viennese theater, to all comedies of Molière, which he translated into new rhymed Alexandrine.

From the early 1980s, so some time after the death of Ernst forest Brunn, Weigel was the life companion of the actress Elfriede Ott. Together with her, he initiated the Nestroy games to Liechtenstein Castle. As a language critic, he lined up in the tradition of Austrian spoke skeptical authors ( " The suffering of young words ", 1974).

Through its reviews in the newspaper, he made known the works of Elazar Benyoëtz in Germany.

The affair cod

A certain level of recognition Weigel has also obtained by the so-called affair cod. On the morning of April 13, 1956 a theater criticism was published in the newspaper in which Weigel had made the following remarks in regard to a performance by the actress Käthe Dorsch: " ... everything designed should be experienced, remained approach, hint how stars often are on understanding samples or three hundredth performance ". Then he slapped cod publicly in front of his favorite café corner of Museum Street / Volksgartenstraße, Café Raimund, with the words " I think it 's time that you get something on your unwashed mouth".

Then Weigel filed a lawsuit against cod for assault, in which he suggested a psychological examination of the actress, as they 've slapped the Berlin critic Wolfgang Harich ten years ago and had therefore to struggle with a repetition compulsion. As Weigel was of Jewish origin, also made ​​the press from the slaps an anti-Semitic attack, but after what they Weigel's presentation may have been having regard to the courageous stance cod during the Third Reich barely.

During this process, the actors and the rest of the artistic staff of the Burgtheater said against Hans Weigel that they all see themselves continually degraded by Weigel, and asked the Minister of Education Heinrich Drimmel around protection from this critic, as well as about him further access to the Burgtheater deny. The Burgtheater actor Raoul Aslan used his appearance in court, first to the postulate that Weigel had to be removed from Austria because he pass away at a national monument as the Burgtheater to demand a little later with a theatrical gesture for him because of a pun capital punishment.

From pages Weigel and his lawyer Christian Broda cooperation leading Burgtheater actor was discussed critically with the Soviet occupation forces and the Communist Party. For example, Albin Skoda was accused, raised a hymn to the Soviet Union on 14 Congress of the Communist Party of Austria, 1947. From Weigel called Josef Meinrad in a broadcast Josef Meinrad Ivanovich, was accused of his involvement in a film of the Soviet-dominated Rose Hill production. Alma Seidler was also asked if she could take the responsibility to take money from the Soviets. The process was thus turned partly into a tribunal on the mind of the Burgtheater ensemble. Remarkably, however, remains that the artistic staff ultimately had to be closed to admit to have been promoted by the critic in his career in the result.

Due to turmoil in the courtroom of the process was a few times before the crash. Finally, cod was sentenced on June 7, 1956 500 Schilling penalty or alternatively to three days in jail. Wags sent Hans Weigel cod death in 1957 after a can of cod liver.

Hans Weigel is in a grave of honor in Vienna's Central Cemetery (Group 33 G, number 79) is buried.


Torberg described in an anecdote a meeting with him in a night cafe, where Weigel felt bothered by the pianist, who always played the straight very popular and listening anywhere, vertex tete of Weigel and Zarah Leander sung song Linked hands:

" One night we ended up in one of the small, now unfortunately extinct night cafes, their relaxed atmosphere was funded by a discrete mostly very good pianist. Also this intoned here, as soon as we had settled that, bound hands ', and as the head waiter he whispered that befände among the newly arrived guests to the text author - the text and melody now been heartily to the neck and the ears also hung - he intoned again the, bound hands ' and soon again the, bound hands '. Then he came out with his book on our table and put it down in front of Weigel. Registration, with which he took it back in again, was: ' Linked hands - these wishes you Hans Weigel .' "



  • Barabbas, or The fiftieth birthday. Ibach, Vienna 1946
  • Unfinished Symphony (novel), Innsbruck 1951
  • O du mein Austria. Attempt of the fragment of an improvisation for beginners and those who want to be. Stone Gruber Verlag, Stuttgart 1956
  • Get to know these people of the shepherds. Attempt at a friendly approach to the Swiss Confederation. Artemis, Zurich 1962
  • Karl Kraus, The Power of powerlessness. Attempt at a design report to the elucidation of multiple life's work. Molden, Vienna; Frankfurt; Zurich 1968
  • The suffering of young words. An anti- dictionary. 2nd edition. Artemis, Zurich, Munich 1974, ISBN 3-7608-0357-1
  • No man's land. An autobiographical novel. Edited by Elfriede Ott and Veronika Silberbauer. Amalthea, Vienna 2006, ISBN 978-3-85002-571-3
  • The land of the Germans with the soul searching, Diogenes Verlag, Zurich 1983, ISBN 3-257-21092-2