As a headland, regional and Anwand, or Anwendling In turn, see also Anwande, in agriculture the randliche area of a field is called, is on the, turned in processing, for example, with the tractor while plowing. In the usual strip- processing, a field that is on at two opposite sides a headland. These are mostly the two shorter sides, since longitudinal machining total associated with less turning operations and is therefore more economical. Be processed headland surfaces transverse to other processing direction and parallel to the edge of the field and, depending on process before ( harvest, corn Insert ) or after ( normal order ) edit the main plot.
For perennial crops, such as the modern fenced orchards, accordingly remains one of each on the two short sides without plants in order to contact with the machines. Saumbiotope should not be created at the headland of the field. However, hedges with fenced permanent crops can be planting along the fence of the headland.
Repeated contact with heavy machinery takes place over time in the headland soil compaction, which noticeably reduces the crop yield and custom machined shapes makes necessary (eg, more frequent, deeper loosening ). Therefore, it is usually in the interest of farmers to keep this union edge strips as small as possible and, if not to turn on the field, but on adjacent, possibly paved areas. Headlands but also adapted to the working width of the equipment with which subsequent work to be done, for example, the width of the field sprayer.
Headlands are mostly preferred as a place for the temporary storage of harvested crops (sugar beet) or fertilizer ( manure, limes ) are used.