Henry Brant

Henry Dreyfus Brant ( born September 15, 1913 in Montreal, Canada, † April 26, 2008 in Santa Barbara, California ) was an American composer.


Although Brant was born in Canada, his parents were U.S. citizens. At eight, he began to compose. In 1929 he moved to New York. There he studied at the Juilliard School of Music with George Antheil. He then worked for several years at Paramount Pictures, composed and conducted for radio, film and jazz formations. In addition, he created his first experimental works for the concert hall.

Between 1943 and 1950 he taught at Columbia University from 1947 to 1955 and next at the Juilliard School orchestration and composition. From 1957 to 1980 he was at Bennington College in Vermont Teacher of Composition, Conducting, Flute and Piano. Since 1981 he lives in Santa Barbara, California. In 2002 he received the Pulitzer Prize for composition Ice Field. The Paul Sacher Foundation in Basel acquired, in 1998 over three hundred original manuscripts of works Brants.

In addition to four operas, two ballets, several instrumental concertos and symphonies five Brant composed numerous orchestral works, often in experimental, partly gigantic occupation - such as a concerto for symphony orchestra and a seventy -member circus band. Since the 1950s, he worked with the technique of spatial music, in the preparation of the musicians in the room and on stage were part of the composition.

Brant also orchestrated some film music by Virgil Thomson (The Plow That Broke the Plains, The River, The City and Louisiana Story) and Alex North ( Cleopatra, Cheyenne Autumn, The Devil's Brigade, 2001: A Space Odyssey (rejected music that Brant also conducted ), Carny and Good Morning, Vietnam ).


  • Millennium I for trumpet, tubular bells and chimes
  • I Antiphony five orchestral groups and five conductors
  • Triple Concerto for Violin, Cello, Oboe, vocal soloists, brass, drums and piano
  • Music for Piano and twenty instruments
  • Millennium II for trumpets, trombones, horns, drums and soprano
  • Maze I for orchestra
  • Labyrinth II for two orchestral groups
  • December for soprano, tenor, speaking voices, choir, brass, drums and organ
  • The Grand Universal Circus for soloists, choir voices, instruments and twelve drummers
  • Hieroglyphics I for viola, timpani, tubular bells, celesta and harp
  • Millennium III for trumpets, trombones and percussionists
  • Hieroglyphics II for violin, percussion and piano
  • Angels & Devils, 1932
  • Origins for seventy percussion instruments, 1952
  • Immortal Combat, 1972
  • Homage to Ives, 1975
  • Orbits, 1979
  • The Glass Pyramid, 1980
  • Meteor Farm for orchestra, two choirs, jazz band, Gamelanensemble, African drummers and South Indian Musicians, 1982
  • Western Springs for two orchestras, two choirs and two jazz bands, 1983
  • Litany of Tides, 1983
  • Fire on the Amstel for four boats with 25 flutists, four jazz drummers, four bells, three band and four barrel organs, performed in Amsterdam 1984
  • Desert Forests, 1985
  • Northern Lights Over the Twin Cities, 1986
  • Prisons of the Mind, 1992
  • 500: Hidden Hemisphere, 1992
  • Homeless People, 1993
  • Trajectory, 1994
  • A Concord Symphony by Charles Ives, 1994
  • Dormant Craters, 1995
  • Plowshares and Swords, 1995
  • Festive Eighty, 1997
  • Common Interests, 1998
  • Prophets for four cantors and Schofarspieler, 2000
  • Glossary, 2000
  • Crystal Antiphonies, 2000
  • Ice Field for large orchestra and organ, 2001
  • Ghosts & Gargoyles for Flute and Orchestra, 2002