Henry Charles Carey

Henry Charles Carey (* December 15, 1793 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, † October 13, 1879 ) was an American economist.

As a representative of the American System of Political Economy Carey was one of the most famous American economist of the 19th century and influenced the then U.S. economic policy sustainable.


Henry Charles was the son of Irish immigrant Matthew Carey who had gone into exile for political reasons. In Philadelphia, the father established a small publishing house with attached printers. At 21, Carey was a partner at this parental company.

1821 Carey took over the management of the business and was with the introduction of publishing Auctions ( "trade sales" ) instrumental in rapidly growing sales of books in the U.S. involved. Already 1835, Carey was able to withdraw from almost all shops. His earned assets used Carey only to indulge his interest to the national economy.

In addition to his literary work Carey undertook almost annual trips to Europe, which always stays in the UK were planned. Its made ​​in the various countries observations and the extensive set of data collected there he worked in his works.

He came to views which which were the English school of classical political economy in sharp contrast, and fought in his writings, especially the doctrines of Adam Smith, Thomas Robert Malthus, David Ricardo and John Stuart Mill Originally a strong supporter of free trade, Carey was as zealous advocates of protective tariffs and saw how before him Friedrich List, free trade, although as a desirable goal to achieve but that the introduction of protective tariffs a suitable means fancy.

In his book Answer to the questions: What constitutes currency? what are the Causes of unsteadiness of the currency? and what is the remedy? he defended the bank freedom.

At the age of nearly 86 years, Carey died on October 13, 1879.

Carey's theories in Principles of Political Economy by Frédéric Bastiat were developed in Harmonies économiques on.


  • Essay on the rate of wages, Philadelphia 1835
  • Principles of Political Economy, Philadelphia 1837-40 ( 3 vols )
  • Answer to the questions: What constitutes currency? what are the Causes of unsteadiness of the currency? and what is the remedy? , Philadelphia 1844
  • The past, the present and the future, Philadelphia 1848
  • The harmony of interests, New York 1851
  • Principles of social science, 3 vols, Philadelphia 1858-1860 ( major work, online) Authorized German Edition: The Basics of Social Science / composed of H. Huber forest ed. by Carl Adler. 3 vols Munich: Fleischmann, 1863-1864
  • Letters on International copyright 1853, 2nd edition 1868 German: Letters on literary property. Translated by Carl Adler. Berlin: Eichoff, 1866
  • The French and American tariffs Compared, Philadelphia 1861
  • The way to outdo England without fighting her, Philadelphia 1865
  • Review of the decade 1857-1867, Philadelphia 1867 German: husbandry Political recollections of the past ten years. Munich: Fleischmann 1868
  • Contraction or expansion? Repudiation or resumption? , Philadelphia 1866
  • How protection, increase enlarge of public and private Revenues, and national independence march hand in hand together, Philadelphia 1869
  • Shall we have peace ... Letters to the President -elect of the United States, Philadelphia 1869
  • International copyright question, Philadelphia 1872
  • The Unity of law, Philadelphia 1873
  • Miscellaneous works, Philadelphia 1869