Hoa people

Among the Hoa refers to a significant Chinese minority in Vietnam. The Hoa are ethnic Chinese, though long live in Vietnam, without, however, have assimilated to the present. Rather, they live in isolation and remain traditionally among themselves.

Since the independence of Vietnam isolated Chinese traders and refugees had come to Vietnam again and again. With the downfall of the Ming Dynasty in China, there was an increased flow to Vietnam. The Chinese established Cholon (today better known as the Chinatown of the 5th District Ho Chi Minh City's ) and opened up the Mekong Delta. They lived in isolation, as so-called bang. In the south, the Hoa dominated the rice trade of the country. The South Vietnamese trade and production were determined by Hokkien Chinese. In parallel, worsened relations with China.

1978, the lifeblood of the Hoa in the south of Vietnam was badly hit. Many of them fled to China or as boat people across the sea. A particularly significant increase in the population of the Hoa in Vietnam is due to the wars of Chinese and Vietnamese in 1979, as this had a not inconsiderable Flüchtlingsström to Vietnam. The already living in Vietnam Chinese diaspora caused an increase in the Hoa in Vietnam. These were perceived as a " fifth column ", ie as a secret, subversive active or Subversion suspicious groups and referred whose goal is the overthrow of an existing order in the interests of a foreign aggressive power. On the other hand, Chinese workers were needed urgently (especially in Ho Chi Minh City), was allowed to grant the Hoa. The living conditions of Hoa Since 1987, simplified administrative liberalization. Chinese was admitted again to the schools. The small-sized textile, shoemaking and electronic retail industry flourished and with it the corresponding trade. In 1991, the Chinese minority had grown to up to 10 % of the city population, economic productivity by Hoa even several times.