House of Lords Act 1999
The House of Lords Act 1999 is an Act of the British Parliament in the framework of the constitutional reforms of New Labour, which was adopted on 11 November 1999. It meant an important change in the constitution of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as it fundamentally transformed part of the legislature, namely the House of Lords.
For centuries, had been directly inherited several hundred seats in the House of Lords. This regulation was abolished, but an interim solution has been created, the Reserve left 92 hereditary Lords in Parliament:
- The holders of the offices of the Earl Marshal and the Lord Great Chamberlain, two of the Great Officers of State, retained their hereditary right to a seat in order to fulfill their ceremonial functions in Parliament can.
- The British hereditary aristocracy itself chooses, separated by party affiliation, 75 other representatives from among its members. These in turn are lifetime members of the House of Lords.
- The whole House of Lords select 15 other people from the circle of hereditary nobility as " Deputy Speaker".