The ileocolic artery is an artery that supplies the end of the small intestine ( terminal ileum ) and the beginning of the large intestine ( cecum and ascending colon ) with blood.
The ileocolic artery arises from the superior mesenteric artery. It extends in the mesentery of the ileum and the ascending colon, and are in this case a large number of small side branches in the intestinal wall from which are connected by anastomosis. As an important side branch they are from the appendicular artery at the level of ileocecal valve, which supplies the vermiform appendix. In addition, their spring from the artery caecalis anterior and posterior artery caecalis.
- Artery of the abdominal cavity
- Small intestine