Joshua Nkomo Mqabuko ( born June 19, 1917 in Semokwe, Matabeleland, † 1 July 1999, Harare ) was a Zimbabwean politician. He was the founder of the Zimbabwe African Peoples Union ( ZAPU ) and 1988-1999 Vice- President of Zimbabwe.
He was born the son of a teacher and lay preacher married couple and a member of the Ndebele in Matabeleland in what was then Southern Rhodesia. He underwent training as a social worker in South Africa, where he met at the University of Fort Hare, among others, on Nelson Mandela.
After he returned to Bulawayo in 1948, he campaigned as a trade unionist for black railway workers.
In the 1950s, he founded the National Democratic Party and then began the struggle against British colonial rule record. In 1957 he was President of the African National Council and went to its prohibition in 1959 into exile. In 1960 he returned from that and founded in 1961 with Robert Mugabe, the Zimbabwe African Peoples Union. The ZAPU fell apart after a ban in the following year and Mugabe formed a majority of the members of the Shona Zimbabwe African National Union ( ZANU ), so that in the ZAPU remained mainly Ndebele. In 1964 he was arrested by the government of Ian Douglas Smith and had to serve a ten year sentence. During this time the ZAPU lost its leadership role to the ZANU Mugabe, with the ZAPU in 1976 under the name Patriotic Front (PF) teamed. In 1975 he was president of the domestic wing after cleavage of the re-established ANC.
In the elections in February 1980 Nkomo was first minister of the interior, and later under President Mugabe minister without portfolio after it was this inferior unexpectedly. In the conflict with Mugabe, he retired in 1982 from the government. In December 1987, agreement was reached with Mugabe and the merger of their parties to ZANU -PF. Nkomo was first Minister to the Presidency, in 1988 then vice president and held that office until his death in 1999.
- Minister of the Interior (Zimbabwe )
- Deputy Prime Minister
- Born 1917
- Died in 1999