Jueju Chinese绝句/绝句, Pinyin Juéjù is a poem from the Tang period. The Jueju is a form of Jintishi.
The Jueju consists of a verse à four verses, each with five or seven characters. The first and the second two verses of a verse are combined to form a pair, apply to certain rules.
A typical poem ( with five characters per line) looks like this: (登 鹳雀楼/登 鹳雀楼, DENG Guan Què lóu, climbing the stork tower ' by Wang Zhihuan Chinese王之涣/王之涣, Pinyin Wáng Zhihuan, ):
- Traditional characters
白日 依山 尽, 黄河 入 海流. 欲 穷 千里目, 更上一层楼. abbreviations
白日 依山 尽, 黄河 入 海流. 欲 穷 千里目, 更上一层楼. tones
There are special rules for rhyme the sounds, the sounds of the standard Chinese are in the two categories Ping (平, Ping) and Ze (仄, ZE ) divided. The Ping - tones are the 1st (¯ ) and the second (') sound, the Ze - tones are the 3 () and 4 (`) tone. Toneless syllables, depending on how they are normally stressed syllabic, like.
The final sound of the last syllable of the second and fourth verse must rhyme, the third verse must rhyme well, but the first must have a different final position. the additional proviso that the rhyming syllables must have both ping sounds.
Here, based on the previous poem, the last syllable is shown again in next Pinyin:
白日 依山 尽Jin 黄河 入 海流Liu 欲 穷 千里目mù 更上一层楼lóu The final position of the rhyming syllables here is ou (Will not be from the inscription visible, pronunciation actually liou ), the second and fourth lines rhyme ( Liu and lóu ), but the first and third lines have a different final position ( Jin and mù ).
Parallelisms and tonal variations
The couplets should, but need not have parallelisms. This means that the one above the other in pairs in each case syllables having the same part of speech.
For each couplet, that the sounds from different groups come in second, just like the fourth syllables of each line. So if, for example, the second syllable of the first line has a ping sound, the second syllable of the second line must have a Ze - tone.
If a Jueju is read, it is to do after each second syllable of a line a break.