Squire is the name for the owner of a village form of government that was to be found from the 15th century until the early 20th century in Central and Eastern Europe. The squire had not only long-range land ( Gutsbezirk, manor ), but had, due to its dominant position in the village association, held in full political authority ( property rule ).

It was not until the turn of the century this operation gradually died out and was legally abolished in the 1920s in Germany and Austria. The German estate districts were finally dissolved in 1927. In Hesse exist to the present day continues unincorporated modern estate districts.


The phrase " do something lord of the manor " means to act according to their own discretion.

The term refers to the position of the landed gentry in the 19th century - had the police and judicial power over their subordinates because of country law - even after the abolition of serfdom. The landlord was entitled to decide in its sole discretion, but not infrequently assumed the character of arbitrariness and arrogance.

In the German -speaking world it is used mainly in the use of political journalism, but is stylistically controversial. In the advertising of food dishes are meant that are cooked with strong spices, bacon, inter alia, as is customary in the upscale rural kitchen. This phrase indicates that the Lord of all that he earned by his estate, took the best for themselves.