László Moholy-Nagy

László Moholy -Nagy ( IPA: [ la ː slo ː ˌ mohoj nɒɟ ] ) ( born July 20, 1895 in Bácsborsód, Hungary, † November 24, 1946 in Chicago ) was a painter, photographer, typographer and designer. From 1923 to 1928 he was a teacher at the Bauhaus.


László Moholy -Nagy dealt since 1918 with painting (before law school from 1913 to 1918 ). In 1919 he moved to Vienna, Berlin in 1920. 1922 The storm in Berlin was the first solo exhibition in the gallery. In 1921, he married Lucia Moholy, born Schulz. The couple separated in 1929 again.

Moholy -Nagy in 1923 as the successor to Johannes Itten form master of the metal workshop and director of the preliminary course at the Bauhaus in Weimar. He taught there and later in Dessau until 1928 Moholy- Nagy was one of the most important teacher at the Bauhaus. ; he was an assistant of Walter Gropius and dealt next with typographic designs and photography. Since 1924, he was with Gropius Bauhaus editor of books.

After his departure from the Bauhaus in 1928, he founded his own studio in Berlin and married his second wife Sibyl Moholy -Nagy. 1933 began working with the advertising department of the Jena glassworks Schott & Gen., for which he created a completely new advertising, designed by Wilhelm Wagenfeld household glass of the company.

Since he was a prohibition in Germany, he emigrated a year after Hitler came to power in 1934, first to Amsterdam, then to England ( 1935-1937 ) and later to the USA., Where he founded the New Bauhaus in Chicago and headed In 1938, he founded the School of Design.

László Moholy -Nagy had two daughters with his second wife Sibyl.


László Moholy -Nagy was concerned with non-figurative painting, influenced by Kazimir Malevich. In his Berlin studio he used to contact Kurt Schwitters, Theo van Doesburg, and El Lissitzky Lazlar. His work as a graphic designer was heavily influenced by the De Stijl movement, Constructivism and the Merz art.

Formative and advisory unifying the aesthetic demands of the Bauhaus with the conditions and mechanisms of product advertising. The Jena glass was the epitome of modern consumer culture. Moholy- Nagy created nonobjective -constructivist sculptures, paintings, photographs and graphics. In addition, he created with other artists of the Bauhaus, the first German lifestyle magazine, the new line.

Relatively unknown is his work as a director. He turned some silent films but also the tone - documentary Lobsters. The titles of his films are light game Black White Gray (1930 ), Marseille Vieux Port (1929 ), Berlin Still Life (1931 ), and the Big City Gypsy ( 1932). Especially in the latter three approaches Moholy -Nagy to capture the mood and say represent the music visually. Through a clear dramaturgy and for the time relatively uncommon quick cuts and changing settings it can, for example, the celebration of the Gypsies most spontaneous and alive appear. The films are hard to get in Germany, because obviously all rights to his descendants in the United States.

His phone pictures of the 1920s can be interpreted as an early work of media art.

Exhibitions (selection)

  • 2009: László Moholy -Nagy. On the road to Weimar, Kunsthaus Apolda
  • 2009/2010: László Moholy -Nagy. Retrospective, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt am Main
  • 2010/2011: László Moholy -Nagy. Art of Light, Martin -Gropius -Bau, Berlin
  • Moholy -Nagy exhibition The Hague, January 29 bis May 1, 2011