Laura Chinchilla Miranda ( born March 28, 1959 in San José ) is a Costa Rican scientist and policy since May 8, 2010 United States President of the country. In this position she is heir of her party colleagues from the social democratic Partido Liberación Nacional (PLN), Óscar Arias and first woman in the highest office in Costa Rica.
Laura Chinchilla is the daughter of Rafael Ángel Chinchilla Fallas, General Controller of Costa Rica from 1972 to 1987, and Emilce Miranda Castillo. She studied at the University of Costa Rica Political Science and holds a Masters in Public Policy from Georgetown University.
Her political career began Laura Chinchilla in various international organizations as a consultant on justice and security issues in Latin America and Africa. Besides, she was spokeswoman various international fora for public security and police reform. From 1994 to 1996 she was Deputy Minister of Justice and 1996-1998 Minister of Public Security of their country.
After the electoral victory of the PLN in the presidential election of 2006 was Laura Chinchilla 1 under Óscar Arias Vice President of Costa Rica. This office she held until October 8, 2008. At this time the campaign began on the presidential election in 2010, which they ran as a candidate of their party. Laura Chinchilla received 47 percent of the votes, almost twice as many as second-placed candidate Otton Solís left, for a 25 percent uttered .. July 1, 2010 authorized the Parliament of Costa Rica, at the request of the President of the deployment of up to 46 warships and 7000 soldiers of the United States in Costa Rica, which maintains the only country in Central America itself has no army.
In 2012 she won against established structures in Costa Rica that conservation laws are effectively enforced, in particular in relation to sharks and the prohibition of shark finning. For this, she was with Richard Branson in 2013 by the shark protection Sharkproject the Award " Shark Guardian of the Year " award.
On July 6, 2013, it signed a law marriage, which refers to " social rights and benefits of civil community, free from discrimination " and thus allows same-sex marriage law. The law was passed unanimously because the Conservative Costa Rican deputies the modified version had not read their mistake and noticed a day later. , the conservative Member of Parliament, the law Please do not sign they did not come. Costa Rica to Argentina and Mexico is now the third country in Latin America where gay marriages are allowed.
Laura Chinchilla is married and has a son.
- Together with David Schodt: The administration of justice in Ecuador. Centro para la Administración de Justicia, San José (Costa Rica) 1993. ISBN 9977-06-008-8.
- Together with José María Rico: Seguridad en América Latina ciudadana: hacia una política integral. Consiglio Veintiuno Ed. , Mexico 2002. ISBN 978-968-23-2395-9.