List of alpine clubs
Alpine clubs, historic and mountain clubs, are mountaineering associations of various kinds, whose goals today are the promotion of mountain sports and environmental protection in the first place. The alpine clubs with focus of interest in the Alps usually call themselves Alpine Club, in the Latin countries and the German Alpine Club Switzerland, however.
Objectives and tasks
Originally stood in the foreground
- The scientific study of the Alps and
- The tourist development through the construction of alpine huts and mountain trails.
Community mountain climbing as a leisure activity was the main provision of the Alpine clubs until the early 20th century. The migration movement was widespread at that time.
There is also a partially distinct expedition activity that has led to the present-day mountaineering clubs partly to worldwide activity. In the context of trekking ( long-distance hiking in the undeveloped area ) of the main differences is a hiking club in applying alpine techniques. During the development of a national sport sections are increasingly emerged that are dedicated to the mountain hiking.
In addition, the field of activity extended to other mountain -specific recreational activities ( mountaineering ), the Alpine clubs today perform as a club activity: In addition to hiking, mountaineering, climbing and skiing, snowboarding, whitewater kayaking, canyoning, mountain biking, in the wider community also paragliding, hang gliding and any other trend sports.
In addition, youth development, and training in specific areas such as alpinism climbing techniques, avalanche awareness and others, as well as the training of mountain guides are an important role.
Another focus is to work with the institutions of the mountain rescue. The alpine clubs provide rescue columns, keep rescue equipment ready and are responsible locally for the maintenance of the necessary infrastructure for rescue as well as holding emergency stock.
Nature conservation in the mountains has become an important task for the Alpine clubs. Mountain Sports is to be sustainable. An example of this is the Eco-label for mountain huts, which is awarded when huts are operated in an environmentally -friendly. The protection of the mountains from excessive exploitation, development and urban sprawl is today - quite conscious to have originally initiated itself - as a political and social guiding concept.
In addition, further aims such as the preservation of regional characteristics of the traditions in many club statutes as an association end.
Many local alpine clubs emerged already in the middle of the 19th century (see also migrant movement, history of travel ). 1932 began with the founding of the umbrella organization Union Internationale des Associations d' Alpinisme ( UIAA ) a merger, to enforce interests and standards better. Although some clubs are not members of the UIAA, but have a so-called reciprocity agreements with members of the UIAA (mutual recognition with regard to discounts and benefits for their members), other clubs are in no way related to this organization, but its main activity is one of the by the UIAA specified activity ( here development, maintenance, mountain rescue and protection). The Alpine Club of Austria have joined the Association of Austrian Alpine Clubs ( VAVÖ ). The great Alpine clubs from Germany, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Switzerland, Slovenia and South Tyrol have joined together in the Club Arc Alpin ( CAA), which is also representative of the Alpine clubs in the International Commission for Alpine Protection ( CIPRA ).
Internally, many alpine clubs are divided into sections with a regional or interest- moderate emphasis, originally part were independent associations or are.
In the German -speaking area of the Eastern Alps, the Alpine Club designation is used specifically for certain alpine clubs who share a common history, the fault lines are in line with the general history of the 20th century. These are from which in 1873 by merger of the German and Austrian Alpine Club ( DuÖAV ) has emerged, which was founded in 1862 Austrian Alpine Club ( OeAV) and founded in 1869, the German Alpine Association (DAV ). His successor was from 1938 to 1945 then the only German Alpine Club. The sections of the German and Austrian Alpine Club in South Tyrol were expropriated after the First World War in 1923 and the club banned in Italy.
After the Second World War of the Austrian Alpine Club was founded in 1945 new. He managed the property of the sections of the 1945 banned until 1952 German sister organization. 1946, the South Tyrol Alpine Club (AVS ) was established as an independent club. The Liechtenstein Alpine Association (ASA ) also emerged in 1946 from a section of the DuOeAVs. After 1952, the DAV was re-established.
The clubs OeAV, DAV and the AVS today call themselves friends and work closely together. Common Symbol of these associations is still the edelweiss today. The LAV leads the blue gentian.
List Alpine Club
- Academic Alpine Club Basel AACBS 1918
- Academic Alpine Club of Bern AACB 1905
- Academic Alpine Club Zurich AACZ 1896
- Club Alpin Académique Genève CAAG 1927