German Alpine Club
The German Alpine Club eV ( DAV ) is the largest association in the world and climbers of the eight largest sports association in Germany. In it, 354 legally independent sections are organized with a total of almost 1.038 million members. He is the German Olympic Sports Confederation of the professional association for the sport and competition climbing, hiking and mountain climbing, mountaineering, ice climbing and mountaineering expedition and the ski mountaineering. President of the DAV from 1992 to 2005 and again since October 2010, Josef Klenner.
The DAV emerged from the established on May 9, 1869 Education Civil Mountaineering Association. The founders were mostly disaffected members of the company founded seven years earlier Austrian Alpine Club, who wanted not only morally and academically, but actively, for example by the construction of cottages and ways to support the development of tourism in the Alps.
Driving forces were the curate Austrian Franz Senn, Prague merchant Johann Stüdl, the Munich-based student Karl Hofmann and the deputy of the Austrian Alpine Club in Bavaria, Theodore Trautwein. At the founding assembly at the restaurant " Blaue Traube " in Munich 36 men and Ministerial Gustav von Bezold came was elected first chairman. After 10 months, there were 22 sections with 1070 members, 1876 there were already 500 sections. From 1873 to 1938 the German and the Austrian branch of the German and Austrian Alpine Club ( DuÖAV ) were merged.
Already in the Empire developed in the DuÖAV anti-Semitic tendencies. 1899, the section "Mark Brandenburg" was founded exclusively for "Christian baptized, German citizens ". In 1905, the Vienna section already established exclusively for Aryan citizens. The Academic Section Vienna took 1907 Aryan clause in their statutes on. Another Section ups with these restrictions followed in the subsequent years through 1921. Several of the excluded climber then founded the section of the Danube country DuÖAV. This was in 1924 excluded from the rest of the club. Previously, in 1921, introduced following the takeover of the Presidency of the section Austria by Eduard Pichl, the Aryan Paragraph in 98 of 110 sections. 1922 closed the Academic Section of the Dresden DuÖAV Jews from membership. These issues have been worked up by the cultural representatives of the DAV, Helmuth Zebhauser, in detail.
In 1938, the Alpine Club, now only German Alpine Club (DAV ) as a " trade association mountaineering " in the National Socialist Reich League for Physical Exercise ( NSRL ) incorporated and Arthur Seyss- Inquart appointed " leaders of the German Alpine Club (DAV) ". The decision issued on October 10, 1945 Law No. 2 of the Allied Control Council of the DAV was declared as part of the NSRL for dissolved and confiscated his property. The new formation under the same or with a different name was banned. As early as 1945, the Austrian Alpine Association OeAV founded new. The OeAV managed to 1952 were carried out re- creation of the DAV whose assets and property ( cottages) in trust.
In the GDR, the DAV received no new registrations. Mountaineers and climbers came together in 1958 founded the German Association for hiking, mountaineering, and orienteering ( DWBO ). After the turn, many of the existing pre-1945 sections founded new.
In 1992, the Alpine Club at the German Sports Association, state associations were first established for this purpose, which in turn a member of the national sports federations were.
2008, the DAV stepped to the end of the year together with the OeAV and the VAVÖ from the UIAA from. This was due to resentment over the efforts of the UIAA to establish sport climbing as an Olympic discipline. After a realignment of the Association's objectives UIAA the DAV and the VAVÖ UIAA occurred in 2013 at again.
The DAV with the federal office in Munich is an umbrella organization for currently 354 sections called independent member clubs, all of which are in turn registered associations. A membership in the DAV is only indirectly about the possible sections for natural persons. The sections are largely self-employed, many of them have their own offices, training and event programs. In larger cities, there are often several sections with the partly very different priorities and membership.
The organs of the Federation are the General, the Bureau and the Federal Council.
The youth organization of the German Alpine Club is the " youth of the German Alpine Club " ( JDAV ).
The JDAV is divided into individual state associations, which in turn are divided into individual district associations. Accordingly, there is next to the National Youth line single province and district youth lines representing the youth. The representatives of the federal, provincial, and district youth lines are elected by the youth leaders of the DAV and represent the interests of JDAV over the Alpine Club and the public.
From the German Alpine Association are (2014) in 208 cottage -owning sections supervised 325 mountain huts, of which 195 are cultivated with around 20,500 dining room seats 65 and a warden. In 67 cases, it is self-catering chalets or bivouac camp. 78 cabins are located in the Central German Uplands.
The Brandenburg House in the Ötztal Alps, the Berlin section is at 3277 m is the highest hut of the DAV. When Rappenseehütte, 2091 m in the Allgäu region of the section Allgäu Kempten is the largest managed hut, the smallest self-catering cottage with four dormitories is the width of head hut, 2017 m, in Mieminger the DAV section Coburg. Already in 1832, the Bochum hut, 1430 m, built in the Kitzbühel Alps, Tirol, Austria, making it the oldest category -1 - tent of the DAV. The latest DVA Hut is the Olpererhütte at an altitude of 2389 m in the Austrian Tyrol the section Neumarkt / Upper Palatinate, the replacement building was completed in 2007.
At about 20,000 beds, there are annually about 750,000 overnight stays, depending of the hut the numbers 300-21600, the maximum amount per night was set at the Annual General Meeting of 18 euros. Worrying is the DAV good 100 mountain huts with less than 1,000 overnight stays per year, here are hardly enough to finance the revenue from ( new purchases, water treatment, sewage treatment plant, power generation plant ). Exemplary are the deployment cost of five euros for a liter of water to a cabin without their own source that does not stand in relation to the revenue by the guests ( 1 liter of iced tea for 3 € or free toilet use).
Each year of the sections 20 million euros for construction work requested, of which only 10 million euros can be provided.
In the early days of the DAV the targets were mainly experience and development of the Alps by ways and Lodging Houses (mountain huts ). Currently, the Alpine Club operates 327 of these mountain huts called accommodation houses with approximately 20,000 accommodation options. The cottages are owned by individual sections, but are open to all climbers. Many sections also maintain non-public, only to section members accessible accommodation houses in all parts of the Alps and the Central German Uplands. In addition, the DAV operates 180 climbing plants or climbing gyms.
In addition, the DAV also occurs as stakeholders and service providers for mountain sports, such as for insurance companies, rental equipment or maps.
In the 1980s and 1990s, more emphasis was laid on nature conservation, which was recorded in the basic program from 1994 also as a central objective. The development of the Alps was declared over, since no other huts and paths longer be built, but only kept the existing infrastructure repaired.
The German Alpine Club is according to § 59 of the Federal Nature Conservation Act recognized nature conservation association.
Together with the Austrian Alpine Club and the Alpine Club of South Tyrol The DAV publishes the paperback series Alpine Club leaders who will be laid at the mountain Rother Verlag in Munich. With two clubs together also the Alpine Club Yearbook, published annually, is published.
For several years, the DAV occurs through its subsidiary " DAV Summit Club" as a commercial organizer of some very demanding mountain tours and expeditions.
On the Praterinsel in Munich, the club maintains the Alpine Museum, which mainly deals with the history of the club and of mountaineering in general.