Martina, Switzerland

Martina place in front of the customs

Martina ( [ mɐrtinɐ ] / i; German: Martinsbruck ) is a small village, a border town and the factions of the community Valsot in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.


The village is located on the Inn River and the main road 27 at the border crossing to Austria. The Tyrolean village of Nauders side of the Inn is situated a few kilometers to the east on the Reschenpass. Four kilometers to the south is the " Three Countries landmark " ( 2179 m), the border triangle between Switzerland, Austria and South Tyrol.

The next major town on Swiss territory is the capital of Engadine, Scuol, 17 km innaufwärts. The village lies at 1,035 m above sea level. M. and surrounded by mountains. On the north side of the Inn valley ( Silvretta Group) is the 3146- m -high Piz Mundin, in the south of Piz Lad ( 2'808 m above sea level. M. ).

Language and Population

Language is the Vallader, the Lower Engadine dialect of Romansh.

Martina has about 100 inhabitants. Most are older, but it also attract new young people to particular border guards. In Martina are a Catholic and a Protestant church. Almost all the houses in the village are old Engadine houses. Martina belongs to the border town Vinadi.

Coat of arms

On the crest of a standing Capricorn is depicted with vertical rakes.


History was Martina, as large parts of the Lower Engadine, on the influence area of ​​the County of Tyrol and the bishopric of Chur. However, unlike widely accepted was Martina ( Martinsbruck ) in the 13th century, not the border town of the Lower Engadine. As early as 1258 was Juvelle - called with the former settlement Pontalt as a limit point of the Lower Engadine - instead of Martina.


Catholic Church Martina

Reformed Church Martina