Municipios of Bolivia
A Bolivian municipality is an administrative district in the South American landlocked Bolivia and is about one county in Germany.
Bolivia is divided below the national level in nine departments, each of a Prefecto ( prefects ) are managed, who is elected by the people since the year 2005. The departments are divided into third level in 112 provincias ( provinces ), each from a Subprefecto ( sub-prefects ) are conducted. The provinces are in 327 municipios ( counties ) divided (as of 2001 census). Many of these municipios were divided in the 2001 census on the fifth level in Cantone (cantons ), which in turn in Vicecantones ( Subkantone ); a Cantón and Vicecantón each stand before a corregidor ( magistrate ). The seventh and lowest level form Localidades ( towns).
The Bolivian Participation Act ( " Ley de Participación Popular ", LPP) of 1994 initiated a far-reaching decentralization process at the level of Municipalities and so granted to the citizens more participation and control options:
- First, the central government has the Munizipialregierungen about is the social infrastructure and placed under its administrative responsibilities, specifically in the areas of education, health, sports, housing and the local roads and road networks.
- Second, the central government has strengthened the financial strength of Municipalities, by doubling the tax allocations to Municipalities to now 20 % of total tax receipts, provided additional funding for particularly weak structures Municipalities and introduced the collection of municipal taxes.
- Third, the central government by territorial base organizations ( " Organizaciones Territorial de Base " OTB ) and committees for social control ( " Comité de Vigilancia " CV) has introduced on municipal level, a far-reaching citizen control, accompanied the municipal planning processes and financial management of the Municipalities with those can be.
As a result of decentralization, the number of municipalities from the original twelve ( 1994) has risen to become 327, among which 187 municipalities with a predominantly indigenous population are. Ten years later (2011 ) the number of municipios in Bolivia has increased by further division of Municipalities to now 339 municipios.
So public law are in addition to the central government and directly dependent on it since then Departamentalverwaltungen nationwide municipal corporations emerged, elected at the head of the mayor and city or county councilors are.