NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship
As NCAA Men 's Division I Basketball Championship is in the U.S. means the national high school championship in basketball, which is organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA).
Settling the held since 1939 tournament takes place from mid- March to early April each year, with 68 teams in the simple knockout system. Play an eight-team called the First Four qualifying round before the real championship starts with 64 teams. Automatically qualify are the winners of the 31 designated as regional Conferences seasons of Division I, the top division of the NCAA. The 37 other starting places will be awarded by a selection committee of the NCAA. The tournament is divided into four regions, each with 16 teams, called for a seed and as determined by the selection committee festgeletzte placement within the region, the respective schedules. The winner of the qualifying round game in each region receives the position 16 and playing against the set at position 1 team; the determination of the other pairings done accordingly ( 2 vs. 15, 3 vs. 14, 4 vs. 13, 5 vs. 12, 6 vs. 11 , 7 vs. 10, 8 vs. 9). The headings in the following rounds are designed so that the set within a region at positions 1 and 2 teams can only meet in the regional final.
The Round of 16 teams is called the Sweet Sixteen, the round of the regional finals with the final eight teams than Elite Eight and the round of four teams, where the winners of the four regions participate, as the Final Four. For the entire tournament are colloquially also the names and March Madness Big Dance in use. The national champion receives both a right conferred by the NCAA trophy and a trophy in the form of a crystal ball of the National Association of Basketball Coaches ( NABC ). One of the most famous traditions after the final match is cutting the nets by the winning team.
The UCLA Bruins of the University of California, Los Angeles have been with eleven wins, seven championships in a row 1967-1973, most often win the tournament, followed by the Kentucky Wildcats of the University of Kentucky with eight wins. The television broadcast of the game takes place in the United States by CBS and the TBS and TNT of the media company Time Warner, and in Europe by the pay- TV channel Sport 1 U.S..