The term Neo - Advaita was elected by the representatives of the traditional Advaita Vedanta, to distinguish themselves from the current Satsang movement.
Origin and Meaning
The precursor of Neo- Advaita, the traditional Advaita Vedanta, goes back to Shankara, among others, and was taught by Ramana Maharshi. By students from the lineage of Ramana Advaita gained access to the western world, where it is represented by numerous teachers in Satsang, the case with the Indian doctrine of wisdom often combine Western psychology and philosophy. The delimitation by the neologism " Neo - Advaita " was created by the discrepancy, see the followers of traditional Advaita in the teaching of mostly western satsangs to the original teachings. The Neo - Advaita is a correct, but misunderstood method, in which a basic exposition of the Advaita principles lacking. Thus the term Advaita (Sanskrit non-duality ) denotes ajar term " Neo - Advaita " with the Greek prefix neo- ( German: new) a new form of Advaita Vedanta. Both terms refer to a doctrine that will lead to their goal by the knowledge of the absolute being and the unity of the divine world-soul (Sanskrit Brahman ) and the individual soul (Sanskrit atman ).
Neo Advaita and Advaita Vedanta in comparison
According to representatives of the traditional Advaita reduces them as " Neo - Advaita " designated form of Advaita the original doctrine to important elements. The latter distinguishes between a ' lower knowledge ', the Veda and the ' highest knowledge ', the Advaita itself, this distinction goes back to the Mandukya Upanishad. After Upanishadic and traditional Advaita teachings of the students would first have usually exercise exercises such as meditation, Bhakti and rituals ( yajnas ), as well as meet ethical standards. The traditional rule of three of Jnana Yoga is this Shravana (listening to the teaching ), Manana ( intellectual reflection ) and Nididhyasana (meditation, inner fathom, see Jnana Yoga). In Neo - Advaita these conditions were, however, repealed. The highest teaching of Mahavakhyas as you are That (Brahman / God ) - (Tat Twam Asi ) will directly and unprepared taught in satsang. Teachers as Shankara and Ramana emphasize techniques such as Jnana Yoga or Self-inquiry as an aid to lose identification with body and mind what the appearance of one's own reality can result. The Neo - Advaita, however, put increased value according to a description of the final, absolute state of the Advaita Vedanta, could be reached by anyone. The emphasis that no one should attain unto somewhere and nothing can be created, which is already there, have the consequence that will not draw a line between the Absolute Being and relative, individual existence in the Neo - Advaita effort on the part of the students would still be made to exceed this. Efforts such as meditation are traditional teachers after but required to prepare the restless mind through self-exploration and dedication to expose the conditioned and innate ways of thinking ( vasanas ) and ultimately the ego illusions. The abandonment of these exercises is the traditional Advaita only after the last stage of the exercise path.