The New Germany (own spelling: new Germany, Abbreviation: nd ) is a national daily newspaper with readers focus East Germany. The newspaper is headquartered in Berlin sees itself as a " socialist daily ". It has the legal form of a GmbH.
From 1946 to 1989, the newspaper in the GDR was the central organ of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany ( SED). From December 1989 to early 2007, the newspaper was about a limited liability company owned by the successor party PDS. She has since been at 50 percent each of the Federative publishing, consulting und Handelsgesellschaft mbH - FEVAC, in trust for the Left Party with 50 percent nominal capital, and the communion participation eG. Chief editor of the newspaper is Tom Strohschneider.
The New Germany emerged as a licensed newspaper in 1946 in the wake of the Soviet Military Administration (SMAD ) powered forced merger of the SPD and KPD of the former Soviet occupation zone to the SED. From the SMAD has a circulation of 400,000 copies was approved with a circumference of four sides. The first edition of the " central organ of the SED " was released on April 23, 1946, following the founding congress, and replaced the SPD party newspapers ( the people ) and the KPD ( German People's Daily ), who stopped their appearance. The name of New Germany is due to the then aspiration of the German Communists, another to build up anti-fascist, socialist, just new Germany. It goes back to a communist newspaper in exile in Mexico, the 1942/43, first as Alemania Libre (Free Germany ) and from January 1945 as Nueva Alemania (New Germany ) appeared. When the term was problematic Germany around 1970 in the GDR in light of the two-state theory, the abbreviation ND was favored increasingly.
In the GDR, the newspaper was one of the most important propaganda tools of the SED and the entities controlled by the Council of Ministers. Focusing on the party and state leaders of the GDR went so far that in an issue were to be seen at the opening of the Leipzig Fair 43 photos of Erich Honecker, the then Council of State and Secretary of the SED Central Committee, 16 March 1987. The inside of the SED nomenklatura very influential post of ND - clad chief editor, among other top officers in the party and state apparatus Rudolf Herrnstadt Georg Stibi, Hermann Axen, Joachim Herrmann and Schabowski. Unlike the other East German newspapers, the New Germany had a larger format and an above-average paper and print quality.
Before German reunification, the ND had a circulation of one million copies and was on the boy world of the GDR daily newspaper with the second- highest circulation. After that, the rest fell continuously on a paid circulation of 32,090 copies currently. Although for a long time all the major newspapers in Germany are affected of the aging structure of the readership ND before very large problems, since the majority of readers is already over 60 years old.
"New Germany " in united Germany
The newspaper is published in a German edition and a regional edition for Berlin and Brandenburg. According to the company it is " in the eastern states, the most widespread and read national newspaper ." Editor in chief from 1999 to 2012, the co-founder and former member of the Bundestag of the Greens Jurgen Reents, who was previously press secretary of the PDS parliamentary party. From July to December 2012, he shared the office with Tom straw cutter, which is from January 2013 the sole editor in chief. Reents followed Oschmann Reiner, who had explained together with his deputy Brigitte Zimmermann direction after disputes with the management of the resignation. Oschmann had already quit during his time as chief editor of the PDS. In January 2006 Olaf Koppe took over the management of Dietmar Bartsch. Since the end of October 2005, the editors working on her old location at the Franz -Mehring -Platz near the Ostbahnhof in Berlin, after she had had since 1993, based in the former East Harbour power plant building at the Elsenbrücke.
The New Germany is politically close to the Left Party. In the self- understanding of the newspaper as its object, on the one hand " the East to give a voice " to the other, to look at the game from a " democratic socialist " perspective - without, however, be understood as an organ of the Left or any other party. The line of the newspaper is determined not by the publisher but by the chief editor. Nevertheless characterize numerous reports of politics and party life of the Left, the leaf direction.
In the feuilleton and social aspects outweigh East German issues, while political issues are increasingly viewed under a mainly left, all-German perspective. It also authors and opinions on word derived from related political opinion. Friedrich Schorlemmer and numerous critics from the political left and the Left Party, about from the SAV, the former WASG and the autonomous spectrum are represented with guest contributions.
Regular components of the newspaper are also advice pages, TV program, ads, columns, Topic unions, health, environment, education, Europe, sport and literature. The letters page of the newspaper was often quoted by other media as a measure of internal debate within the party Die Linke. From November 2006 to November 2008, a youth supplement called Sacco & Vanzetti was monthly resolved, which was also distributed independently of the newspaper at East German universities, and since March 2007, there is a digital version of the newspaper, ND ePaper that of from 22 clock on the eve publication day can be retrieved.
Research by the daily newspaper revealed that in the periodical supplement " ND extra" paid for by advertisers and were partially released from these written newspaper articles that are not as prescribed by the press laws of the countries labeled as ads. These items are also cheaper than conventional displays. Once this has been denied initially, the ND admitted later to access when creating the " ND Extra " on content of external author, but claims that this is " to non- profit associations and organizations " handle in which it releases at the costs of printing and distribution involved, there arises this way but " no economic dependency ratio, which could jeopardize the editorial independence of the newspaper. ", the publisher had, however, also agreed to reprint the text of a car manufacturer.
The Federal Ministry for Family Affairs described the newspaper as part of left-wing extremism. On request, the ministry said the following: " The daily newspaper New Germany has occasionally posts with extreme left-wing covers. In particular, attention is drawn to left-wing extremist events ". Minister Kristina Schröder also referred to alleged reports of the Federal Office for Protection of the Constitution, which was not there.
The New Germany has as many other German dailies lost heavily in recent years to support. Paid circulation has declined by 50.8 percent since 1998. The proportion of subscriptions on paid circulation is 94.6 percent.
Development of sold copies
Previous editors of the New Germany ( incomplete):
Editors and well-known authors
- Christoph Butterwegge since August 2012 in the column The crisis unit.
- Gerhard Hanloser is a freelance writer
- Ernst Roehl columnist section ragged
- Hans -Dieter bulk 1992-2013 is features editor at the New Germany.
- Sahra Wagenknecht since August 2012 in the column The crisis unit.
- Mathias Wedel columnist section ragged
- Brigitte Zimmermann columnist section ragged
Former editors and authors
- Jürgen Elsässer
- Otto Trillitzsch was foreign correspondent of the New Germany.
Participations and cooperations
The publishing company holds shares in various distribution companies, including 51 percent of MVVG media, shipping and distribution mbH and minority interests in nine additional press distribution companies. She owns 90 percent of the subsidiary real estate company Franz -Mehring -Platz 1 GmbH. There have been several advertising partnerships with the weekly Friday.
With the issue of 30 September 2011, the New Germany appeared the last time in the old style. With the relaunch was also a change in the spelling of the name of the newspaper along: With the issue dated 1 October 2011, of the "New Germany ", the new own spelling " new Germany ". In addition, the newspaper received a completely revamped design and a new masthead.
Another relaunched in October 2013.