New Theatres

The New Theatres Limited was an Indian film company. During its existence from 1931 to 1955, it produced approximately 150 movies. She was the most important Bengali film production facility and one of the leading film companies in the Indian film before India's independence.


The company owner and producer Birendra Nath Sircar had founded the year before, with Charu Roy and Prafulla Roy, the Company International Film Craft. After only two silent films he built a sound film studio and equip it with a Tanar sound recording system. With the opening of the studio in Tollygunge südkolkataer district on 10 February 1931, the company was renamed "The New Theatres ". Sircar had set itself the goal of implementing on the model of Madan Theatres literary works adequately on the screen. This idea and the advanced equipment of the studio attracted many Bengali filmmakers. At New Theatres came from the company's Indian Kinema the directors Premankur Atorthy and Nitin Bose and actor Durgadas Bannerjee, Amar Mullick and Jiban Ganguly, by Barua Pictures Pramathesh Chandra Barua, Debaki Bose and Sushil Majumdar and British Dominion Films Dhiren Ganguly. In addition to the trades, the studio employed, among others, the authors Sailajananda Mukherjee, Rai Chand Boral composers, Pankaj Mullick and Timir Baran, the blind singer Krishna Chandra Dey, and the sound engineer Mukul Bose.

The first film from New Theatres was Dena Paona (1931 ) to Sharatchandra Chattopadhyays 's novel, directed by Atorthy. After a few moderately successful films, the breakthrough came with Debaki Bose's Chandidas (1932 ), a film by Holy Aparesh Chandra Mukherjee's stage play from 1926. During the same year appeared Natir Puja is performed for the Rabindranath Thakur as a director. However, it is a filmed theater production of the play in the New Empire theater in Kolkata in honor of the 70th birthday of the author, in which Nitin Bose had picture and his brother Mukul Bose responsible for audio recording. From 1933, New Theatres produced his films mostly in two language versions, one in Bengali and in Hindi. For the North and West Indian market For many, only Hindi films Hemchandra Chunder was responsible. While Debaki Bose and Premankur Atorthy often worked from the mid-1930s with other film companies, turned Nitin Bose and PC Barua, the famous productions of the society, including Devdas (1935 /36), Mukti (1937) and President ( 1937). Nitin Bose in 1935 at New Theatres also director of Dhoop Chhaon / Bhagya Chakra, the first Indian film that used the technique of playback singing. Famous stars were in New Theatres, the actor Kundan Lal Saigal singer, Kanan Devi and Pahadi Sanyal. Except Saigal entered the Hindi film actor Prithviraj Kapoor and Durga Khote several times in Hindi versions of New Theatres films.

In the early 1940s increased the importance of the western and southern Indian market and New Theatres ran into financial difficulties, as the company had to establish their own distribution structure, but depended on professional film distributors. In addition, Nitin and Mukul Bose left the company in 1941. New talents who have already worked in a subordinate position at New Theatres were funded by BN Sircar: 1938 Phani Majumdar had previously assistant of PC Barua, with Street Singer / Saathi his directorial debut; 1944 debuted Nitin Bose, Bimal Roy camera assistant with Udayer Pathey; from 1947, Kartick Chattopadhyay Director.

1955 New Theatres was closed. The studios in Tollygunge act to this day occasionally as a production facility other Bengali film companies, although the outdated equipment is no longer suitable for a film production.

Films (selection )

B = Bengali, H = Hindi, Urdu U =