He started in amateur theaters in Lyallpur and Peshawar. After the demolition of a law school, he played from 1929 in adventure and love movies. In 1931, he joined Alam Ara, India's first sound film, on. In 1933 he joined the film company New Theatres in Kolkata and played in the 1930s in some of her best films. His most important roles were great kings, Alexander the Great in Sikandar (1941, directed by Sohrab modes), and Akbar in Mughal -e -Azam (1960, director: K.Asif ). Under the direction of his son Raj Kapoor, he played in 1951 in Awaara. His only directing the film Paisa (1957). During the filming of this, Prithviraj Kapoor lost his voice, which he then never fully regained again. From the 1960s played Kapoor in different movies with mythological themes.
Prithviraj Kapoor worked alongside the film for the theater. He played Shakespeare plays in English with the Grant Anderson Theatre Company. In 1944 he founded his own theater group, Prithvi Theatre, which was 16 years old.
He is the founder of Bollywood acting dynasty Kapoor. His sons Raj, Shammi and Shashi Kapoor and his grandson Rishi Kapoor and Randhir Kapoor ( sons of Raj Kapoor ) and his great-grandchildren Karisma and Kareena Kapoor ( daughter of Randhir Kapoor ) are also well-known Bollywood actor.
Prithviraj Kapoor was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna in 1954, In 1969 he was awarded the Padma Bhushan, he was posthumously with the highest Indian film award, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, awarded in 1972.