Newark ( also New Ark ) is a city in Licking County, Ohio, United States of America. It is located near the Licking River, and is about 53 km (33 miles) east of Columbus removed. In 1900 the town had 14,270 inhabitants, in 2000 there were 46 279 inhabitants. Newark is the seat of county government.
The coordinates of Newark are 40 ° 3'47 "N, 82 ° 25'0" W ( 40.063014, -82.416779 ). The city has an area of 51.3 square kilometers, of which 0.8 square miles of water surfaces.
Statistical data on population
According to the census in 2000 lived in Newark 46 270 inhabitants. Of these, 926 people were living in collective centers, the other inhabitants lived in 19,312 households and 12,108 families. The population density was 914 people per square kilometer. The racial the population was made up of 94.12 percent White, 3.10 percent African American, 0.30 percent population of Indian descent, 0.60 percent Asian, 0.03 percent of residents from the Pacific Islander and 1.51 percent from other ethnic groups. 1.10 percent were descended from two or more races. 0.84 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (so-called Hispanics ).
In 30.8 percent of the 19,312 households in children or adolescents under 18 years of living. 45.5 percent of the residents were married couples living together, 13.4 percent were single mothers, 37.3 percent were non-families, 31.5 percent of all households and 12.7 percent had someone living alone at the age of 65 years or above. The average household size was 2.35 persons and the average family size was 2.94.
The city's population was composed of 25.4 percent of residents under the age of 18, 9.4 percent between 18 and 24 years, 29.2 percent between 25 and 44 years, 21.1 percent between 45 and 64 years and 14.9 percent were 65 years old or older. The average age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 men statistically.
The median income for a household was $ 34,791, and the median income for a family was $ 42,138. Males have a median income of $ 32,542, women $ 24,868. The per capita income was $ 17,819. 10.1 percent of families and 13.5 percent of the population lived below the poverty line. Of these, 17.9 percent were children or adolescents under age 18 and 9.0 percent of those 65 years.
Newark was an important center of cultural history during the prehistoric period. The area was inhabited Newark during the Hopewell culture between 100 BC and 500 AD by Indians. They have built many, several square kilometers of earthworks, including in Newark the largest mound in the entire Ohio River Valley. Observatory Mound, Observatory Circle and the associated Octagon ( octagon ) are about a kilometer long. The Octagon alone is large enough to accommodate the Colosseum of Rome four times in it. The Great Pyramid could accommodate in Observatory Circle. The 360 -meter-wide Great Circle, at least according to the design effort, the largest circular earthwork in the Americas. The approximately 2.5 m high embankment is - surrounded by the input of a 1.5 m deep moat at the entrance are the dimensions still impressive larger. Specialized in the construction surveyors and astronomers have found each other in their research and studies of the location, size, orientation and relationship of the ramparts that the former inhabitants had good scientific knowledge.
The site on which there are the ramparts is currently leased by Moundbuilders Country Club and is used as a golf course.
In Newark, there was a station of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad that connected Pittsburgh to Chicago and St. Louis.
In Newark is the headquarters of the American basket-maker Longaberger company, which dates back to Dresden ( Ohio). The building is shaped like a basket, the largest in the world. The American regional bank " Park National Bank" has its headquarters in Newark. An important production site of Owens Corning for the production of fiberglass is also located in Newark.
For Newark City School District has eight elementary schools, two intermediate schools, three middle schools, the Newark High School and the Newark Digital Academy, which also allows remote studies. There are also private schools in the town.
- Harry C. Beasley from Newark received in 1914 the Medal of Honor
- Wayne Newton, a popular entertainer (Las Vegas ) has lived in Newark
- The first motor ambulance American Red Cross of the First World War, was built here.
- Johnny Clem ( "Johnny Shiloh " ), the youngest soldier of the United States Army came from Newark
Sons and daughters of the town
- Jon Hendricks, jazz singer
- Jerrie Mock, pilot, she flew around March / April 1964 as the first woman to fly solo in earth
- Edward J. Roye, 1870-1871 President of Liberia
- James Falconer Wilson, U.S. Senator for Iowa
- Location in Ohio
- Location in North America
- Licking County
- County Seat in Ohio