Ni Zan

Ni Zan (倪 瓒; Pinyin: Ní Zan; Wade- Giles: Ni Tsan; * 1301 or 1306, † 1374 ) was a Chinese monk painter from Wuxi (Jiangsu).


Along with Huang Gongwang (1269 - 1354), Wu Zhen (1280 - 1354), Wang Meng (painter) († 1385 ) is Ní Zan to the "Four Masters" of landscape painting of the Yuan period (元 四 家Yuánsìjiā ) Outgoing. from the old masters developed this new angles and perspectives, designs and variations in image structure of a freer stroke technique.

Ni Zan says to his painting: " My bamboo painting is the image of the creative spirit in my heart. "

Ni Zan principle is to show with sparse lines and few colors, the variety of things. He did not seek to reproduce a figure exactly. What interested him was his impression of an object. A blurry can be more alive than a life portrayal. Ni Zan landscapes are therefore straightforward with little color and without figures. In addition, Ni Zan has his whole life the same Chinese landscape painting.


His poetic works are included in the Ní Yúnlíntáng Xiansheng Shiji (倪云林 堂 先生 诗集) collection. A famous printing from the beginning of the Ming Dynasty was reproduced in the book series Sibu congkan. It also incorporates the work Yúnlíntáng yǐnshí Zhidu jí云林 堂 饮食 制度 集contained [Collection of dietetics systems of the cloud forest Studios ], a significant for the history of Chinese eating and drinking culture source.