Wuxi, Wuxi officially Shì (无锡 市, classic shape无锡 市- "City without tin ") is a prefecture-level city in the People's Republic of China. Wuxi is located in Jiangsu Province, between the Yangtze River and the lake Tai Hu. The administrative area of Wuxi City has an area of 4787.61 km ² and had the end of 2004 approximately 4.4719 million inhabitants. According to Census 2010, the population is 6,372,624, making it increased in about 6 years to nearly 2 million inhabitants.
At county level, Wuxi is made up of six districts and two county boroughs. These are:
- Municipality Chong'an (崇安区/崇安区), 17 km ², 180,000 inhabitants, center, seat of the city government;
- Municipality Nanchang (南 长 区/南 长 区), 22 km ², 320,000 inhabitants;
- Municipality Beitang (北塘 区/北塘 区), 31 km ², 250,000 inhabitants;
- Municipality Binhu (滨湖 区/滨湖 区), 770 km ², 670,000 inhabitants;
- City Huishan District (惠山区/惠山区), 327 km ², 380,000 inhabitants;
- City Xishan District (锡山 区/锡山 区), 454 km ², 430,000 inhabitants;
- Jiangyin City (江阴 市/江阴 市), 987 km ², 1.18 million inhabitants;
- Yixing City (宜兴 市/宜兴 市), 2177 km ², 1.06 million inhabitants.
Wuxi has a 3000 -year old history of the city. The city's founding took place towards the end of the Shang dynasty. Taibo, the eldest son of Emperor Zhouwu, built the city and Wuxi became a cultural center of the Wu State. During the Zhou Dynasty and Qin Dynasty it became a center of tin mining, from which the city name Youxi (有 锡/有 锡, has tin ' ) revealed. When the tin deposits were exhausted, the city was in Wuxi (无锡/无锡, no tin ' has ) been renamed.
Economy and Transport
Because of its emerging economic development Wuxi is often referred to as "Little Shanghai ". Wuxi is one of China's eastern centers, it is the second most important city to Nanjing of Jiangsu Province and was the first city in the province with an industrial park for foreign investors. According to a ranking of Forbes magazine in 2008, Wuxi is one of the most attractive business locations in China. She won 3rd place in the list of the best business cities in Mainland China.
The traditional industry of textile production is of high importance, but is increasingly being replaced by companies in the electrical, mechanical engineering and automotive industries, as well as high technology. Wuxi is a center of Chinese solar technology. She is also one of the main investment targets of the Japanese economy. Large companies, such as Sony, Minolta, Panasonic, Agfa, Bosch and Vaillant are represented with works in the city.
Wuxi has benefited from its location on the Grand Canal, as well as a highway and a railway line to Shanghai and Nanjing. With the introduction of the " Bullet Train" express trains on 18 April 2007 Shanghai can be reached in 45 minutes ' drive. Wuxi is also the center of the water transport in the southern Jiangsu.
Since October 2007, is the international Wuxi Airport, which was built on a former military airfield. It will be offered in addition to regional flights and flights in the Asian countries.
Public transport is mainly carried by suburban trains and city buses. A subway is since 2008 under construction. The planned completion in 2015, the network will consist of three lines and comprise a total length of 56.11 km. The "Line 1" is scheduled to open in October 2012. In addition, Wuxi is a model city of the central government for the development of efficient traffic management systems.
Currently, extensive residential areas occur in lakeside, primarily as housing for foreigners. To increase the attractiveness, a new zoo based on the model of Singapore and one of the largest amusement parks in Asia, whose completion is scheduled for 2008/ 09. Increasing urbanization, the increased volume of traffic and large real estate projects lead to environmental problems and the destruction of the historic structure.
Developed for tourists due to its location at Wuxi Tai Hu (太湖), the third largest lake in China. Attractions are, for example which completed in 1996, 88 meters high Buddha statue at Lingshan, the Luding - mountain park and the garden of distraction, which is one of the famous private gardens in Southern China. South of the Tai Hu Lake is situated on a peninsula, the Yuantou Zhu Park. In the park there are tea houses, pavilions and a lighthouse, which the wealthy Chinese served as a summer residence in the past. On the banks of the Li - lake is the 8.2 hectare Li- garden, according to legend, created by Fan Li in the time of the Spring and Autumn Annals. Spring and Autumn Pavilion, dating back to the Spring and Autumn Period, form the highest point in the park. The current buildings are reconstructions.
Buddha statue at Lingshan
Liyuan Garden at Li- Lake
View from the Qingshan Temple on the western part of Wuxi
The Jiangnan University offers 63 degree programs and with over 15,000 students, the largest university of Wuxi. Besides the University, there are eight other universities and colleges, among other things, specialize in information technology, education, and technical sciences. In addition, there are nine colleges in Wuxi.
Wuxi is one of the centers of German culture in China. It is prepared in IHK exams and to study according to German standards, as well as a part-time study conducted in the English language to the many local German companies, including Siemens, Bosch, Lanxess and much more. to support. The responsible for this iVWA International Business and Economics Academy was awarded the 2006 iMOVE training Export Award 2006. Since 2007, the iVWA operates a German school in Wuxi.
In the city, the 7155 -seat Wuxi Sports Center Gym is located.
- Portugal Cascais, Portugal
- Japan Akashi, Japan
- United States Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States
- Japan Sagamihara, Japan
- New Zealand Hamilton, New Zealand
- Canada Scarborough, Canada
- United States Davis, California, USA
- United States Alameda, California, USA
- Germany Ratingen, Germany ( with the Municipality Huishan, since 2007)
- Germany Bocholt, Germany
- Germany Leverkusen, Germany ( partner city economy, since 2004)
- Flag of South Korea Gimhae, South Korea
- Flag of South Korea Daejeon, South Korea
- Denmark Ballerup, Denmark
- Poland Zielona Góra, Poland
- Israel Tiberias, Israel
In addition, the cities of Jiangyin and Yixing included in the administrative area Wuxi partnered with:
The two cities of Wuxi and Leverkusen have an economic partnership. To this end, the Forum was Wuxi - Leverkusen established, which serves to promote international understanding and the strengthening of the partnership. A similar economic partnership exists with the city of Bocholt.