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Cascais is a small town ( Vila ) in Portugal. The city is located on a sandy bay of the Atlantic Ocean, about 25 kilometers west of Lisbon.
Cascais can be reached from Lisbon by motorway or train. Both traffic lines end here. In addition, Cascais has a marina with about 600 berths.
The area of Cascais was inhabited in prehistoric times, as excavations proved. The necropolis of Alapraia consists of four dome rock tombs that lie partially under the houses at a fountain place in the eponymous town east of Cascais. From the Roman period in the first century, several villas are demonstrated. The Arab time left several place names in the area. The Arab poet Ibn Mukan, born in Alcabideche, was the first of windmills in Europe mentioned.
In 1153 the first Portuguese King, Afonso Henriques reconquered the area. The village of Cascais was mentioned in 1159 and belonged to Sintra.
Cascais got the city status on 7 June 1364 by King Peter I.. Around this time must have been also built the castle, which gave the king to Lourenço Gomes de Avelar.
King John II ordered in 1488 the construction of a defensive tower. In the period of the Portuguese voyages of discovery, about 1537, Cascais was one of the first lighthouses in the country. Today, at this point is the Guia Lighthouse Farol, which was built in 1810. It is an octagonal tower of 27 meters high.
As of 1870, the royal family regularly spent the summer in Cascais, whereby the place attracted the nobility and fine citizens layers.
1888 the first official football match Portugal took place in Cascais. On September 30, 1889, the railway line from Lisbon was opened.
From the 1930s Cascais, together with the opposite on the Bay Estoril, the rallying point of the Portuguese upper classes and many affluent travelers from abroad.
Cascais is the administrative seat of the homonymous district and is part of the District of Lisbon. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Sintra and Oeiras. In the west and south of the county has Cascais share on the Atlantic coast.
The following municipalities are located in the district of Cascais:
- São Domingos de Rana
About the suburban trains of the Linha de Cascais along the coast Cascais Lisbon ( Estação Cais do Sodré ) and the eastern neighboring community Estoril is connected. The travel time from the station Cascais is about 45 minutes.
Twin cities of Cascais are
- Brazil Vitória, Brazil, since 1986
- Sao Tome and Principe Santana, São Tomé and Príncipe, since 1986
- France Biarritz, France, since 1986
- Japan Atami, Japan, since 1990
- People's Republic of China Wuxi, China, since 1992
- Cape Verde Sal, Cape Verde, since 1993
- Palestine National Authority Gaza, Palestinian Territories, since 2000
- Mozambique Xai -Xai, Mozambique, since 2000
- Brazil Guarujá, Brazil, since 2000
- Guinea- Bissau Bolama, Guinea- Bissau, since 2010
- Brazil Campinas, Brazil, since 2012
- Turkey Karsiyaka, Turkey
- United States Sausalito, USA, since 2012
- Ungheni Moldova, Moldova, since 2012
With Racconigi in Piedmont (Italy ) a cooperation agreement.
- The lighthouse Farol de Guia is located on the western outskirts of Cascais on the N247 ( Avenida Nossa Senhora do Cabo ). In addition to the lighthouse and the local cliffs on the Atlantic offers an impressive sight.
- The Boca do Inferno is a drowned by the sea cliff; it is about two kilometers west of Cascais and is accessible on foot or by bus.
Two golf courses are available to golfers near the sea -side main road, three and four kilometers west of Cascais, available.
The museum Conde Castro Guimarães in Cascais
Statue of Peter I on the town hall square
Beach in Cascais
Farol de Guia in Cascais ( photo 2010)
Sons and daughters of the town
- José de Freitas Ribeiro (1868-1929), commander and politician, 1915 Prime Minister, 1917-1919 Governor of Portuguese India
- AH de Oliveira Marques (1933-2007), historian, professor and author
- João Morais (1935-2010), football player and coach
- José Luis Encarnação ( born 1941 ), computer scientist, author of important developments in computer graphics
- Ricardo Salgado ( born 1944 ), banker and economist
- Fernando Fragata (* 1969 in Estoril ), Film Director
- Paulo Ferreira, ( born 1979 ), football player
- Fernando Varela (* 1987), Cape Verdean footballer
- Daniel Carriço, (* 1988), football player