Alvares Cabral, 200 3 º andar Centro
Belo Horizonte [ ˌ bɛlu.oɾizõtʃi ] ( Portuguese for Beautiful Horizon) is one of the main cities in Brazil.
It is the capital of the state of Minas Gerais, located in the southeast of the country. With a population of just under two and a half million inhabitants, Belo Horizonte, or " BH" (pronounced "be - AGA " ), as it is commonly called, an economic and cultural center.
Belo Horizonte was founded by a prospector named João Leite from Sao Paulo da Silva Ortiz. He had come to the region, found an acceptable climate and decided to found a farm named Curral Del Rey ( archaic Portuguese for " Corral ( fencing, corral ) of the King" ). The prosperity of the farm attracted more people to the region.
The village grew and as Brazil in 1889 was Republic, was elected Curral Del Rey the new capital of Minas Gerais. It solved so Ouro Preto from in this function. The name Belo Horizonte and its status as capital was the city but only on December 12, 1897 the official birth date is thus regarded as the city.
The streets of BH were planned by the city planners Aarão rice in a checkered pattern with diagonal main avenues. Since the roads to personalities and groups of Indians from the Brazilian history on the one hand and regions of Brazil were named on the other hand, one can get in the city still orient with appropriate knowledge in geography and history of Brazil. The rapid growth of the city, especially in the last twenty years of the 20th century, however, rounded off his planning by far and the city is now facing major infrastructure problems. Approximately 20 percent of the population have no access to sewerage.
Since 2009, Marcio Lacerda (PSB ) mayor of Belo Horizonte, he was elected with 59.1 percent of the vote in 2009.
Archdiocese of Belo Horizonte
- → Main article: Archdiocese of Belo Horizonte
In the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte ( with the places Betim, Sete Lagoas and Contagem ) are most industries of Minas Gerais. It usually is processing companies in the metal industry and the textile industry. In Betim, the Italian car maker Fiat has operated a plant. The German Chamber of Commerce is represented in Belo Horizonte with a branch.
The brunt of public transport in Belo Horizonte is carried by buses, which on the big main roads partially own bus lanes. There is also an above ground running S -Bahn line ( metrô terrestre ) and another line should be put into operation in 2004.
Belo Horizonte has two airports. The only about nine kilometers from the city center Airport Pampulha (PLU / SBBH ) had handled domestic connections with many Brazilian cities until April 2005. In 2002, around 89,000 aircraft movements were registered here and about three million passengers. Since 22 April 2005 There are only connections within Minas Gerais. The Tancredo Neves (CNF / SBCF ) International Airport in Confins had used only about a third of that passenger traffic and was only about ten percent of its potential capacity by then. Today, this is a multiple. In addition, the access through the " linha verde " (green line) was much easier. In 25 minutes you are by car in downtown bra. Four lanes, lighted and without holes in the pavement.
In the nearby neighborhood of Pampulha is a collection of important buildings, especially the Capela de São Francisco de Assis is ( Igreja da Pampulha ), designed by the famous Brazilian architect of the modern school, Oscar Niemeyer.
Also worth seeing are the Mangabeiras Park and the City Park. The first is located in the southern and gives visitors a beautiful view over the city.
In Pampulha there is also the largest football stadium of Minas Gerais, the Mineirão.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Ivan Monteiro Lins de Barros (1904-1975), essayist and philosopher
- Afonso Arinos de Melo Franco (1905-1990), lawyer, politician and man of letters, Foreign Minister in the government Jânio Quadros
- Geraldo de Proença Sigaud (1909-1999), Archbishop
- Geraldo Fernandes Bijos (1913-1982), Archbishop of Londrina
- Bigode (1922-2003), football player
- Carlos Horta Pereira (pt; 1923-2000 ), politician and lawyer
- Fernando Sabino (1923-2004), writer and journalist
- Ivo Pitanguy ( born 1926 ), physician
- Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade ( b. 1947 ), lawyer and judge at the International Court in The Hague
- Dilma Rousseff (* 1947), politician and, since January 1, 2011 President of Brazil
- Tostão ( b. 1947 ), football player
- Alex Dias Ribeiro ( born 1948 ), Formula 1 racing driver
- Marco Antônio Diniz Brandão ( born 1949 ), diplomat
- Paulo Álvares ( b. 1960 ), pianist
- Andersen Viana (born 1962 ), composer
- Angela Frontera (1965 ), percussionist
- Kiko Goifman ( b. 1968 ), a multimedia artist and filmmaker.
- Daniel Teixeira ( b. 1968 ), football player
- Max Cavalera (born 1969 ), singer and guitarist (formerly Sepultura, Soulfly and Cavalera Conspiracy today )
- Igor Cavalera (born 1970 ), drummer (formerly Sepultura, Cavalera Conspiracy today )
- Cristiano da Matta ( b. 1973 ), race car driver
- Evanilson ( b. 1975 ), football player
- Bruno Junqueira (born 1976 ), race car driver
- André Sá ( born 1977 ), tennis player
- Dedê (born 1978 ), football players (including Borussia Dortmund), National Players
- Lincoln ( b. 1979 ), football players (including 1 FC Kaiserslautern, FC Schalke 04, Galatasaray Istanbul)
- Afonso Alves ( born 1981 ), football player
- Raphael Matos ( born 1981 ), race car driver
- Bruno Soares ( b. 1982 ), tennis player
- Fernanda Brandao (* 1983), singer, dancer and a judge of the eighth season of American Idol
- Marcelo Melo ( b. 1983 ), tennis player
- Elisson Aparecido Rosa ( * 1988), football player
- Leonardo Renan Simões de Lacerda ( Léo ) (* 1988), football player
- Juan (* 1991), football player
Clube Atlético Mineiro ( " Galo " or in German-speaking " Atlético Mineiro " ) and Cruzeiro EC (German: " Cruzeiro " ) play in Serie A, the top division in the Brazilian football. Furthermore, the women's and men's teams of the Minas Tenis Clube play volleyball on a world level in the Brazilian Superliga.