Dilma Vana Rousseff [ dʒiwmɐ χusɛf ] ( born December 14, 1947 in Belo Horizonte ) is a Brazilian politician of the moderate left-wing, social democratic Partido dos Trabalhadores and economist. She's since January 1, 2011 President of Brazil.
In the Brazilian media and even in official statements Dilma Rousseff is often called just " Dilma ". The designation only with a pre- or nicknames is common with other personalities in Brazil, including her predecessor Lula da Silva was often referred to simply as " Lula".
Dilma Rousseff was born horizons, the daughter of Pedro Rousseff and Dilma Jane Silva his second wife in 1947 in Belo. Her father is from Gabrovo in Bulgaria, where he was an active member of the Communist Party from the 1920s. In 1929, he fled first to France and later moved to South America where he eventually settled in Brazil; after his emigration he changed his birth name Petar Russéw ( Bulgarian Петър Русев ) in Pedro Rousseff. He was a close friend of the Bulgarian poetess Elisaveta Bagrjana. Through her father Dilma had a half-brother named Liuben († 2007).
Since her father was a successful lawyer and business representatives in Brazil, Dilma Rousseff grew in solid prosperity in Belo Horizonte. After school, she studied at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais economy, this study broke off but when they are in the armed resistance against the ruling military government since 1964 committed (see policy); In 1973 she was formally expelled from the University.
After serving a prison sentence for her underground activity Dilma Rousseff moved to Porto Alegre. She took her degree at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul back on and closed in 1977. She then worked at the Fundação de Economia e Estatística (FEE ), an organization of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. From 1978 she studied a Master's degree in economics from the Universidade Estadual de Campinas, they however just like their doctoral projects not completed.
From the mid- 1980s, Dilma Rousseff was in different political functions and has been with the FEE (see policy).
Dilma Rousseff has been married twice, first with the journalist Cláudio Galeno de Magalhães Linhares, Carlos Franklin Paixão later with de Araújo. From this marriage her only daughter Paula emerged. Since 2000, Dilma Rousseff is divorced from her second husband. By 1999, Dilma Rousseff was the surname of her first husband Linhares; then she took her maiden name again.
In 2009 she was diagnosed with a malignant lymphoma.
Activities in the resistance against the military dictatorship
Dilma Rousseff began towards the end of their schooling, to be interested in the political situation of their country, which was a military dictatorship since 1964. About his own preoccupation with socialist and Marxist theories as well as the journalists Cláudio Galeno Linhares, whom she later married, she came in the late 1960s to the Partido Socialista Brasileiro and joined there the Comando de Libertação Nacional at which advocated armed struggle against the military dictatorship.
Dilma Rousseff was involved in the guerrilla organization mainly with agitation, but was at least passively involved in violent actions. From 1969 she lived in the underground and went to Rio de Janeiro. About Carlos Franklin Paixão de Araújo she came to the Marxist- Leninist guerrilla organization dominated VAR Palmares. According to some statements, they should have been one of the leaders of the organization, they even denies this, however.
In January 1970 Dilma Rousseff was in São Paulo, where she now lived on behalf of their organization, were arrested. By his own account, she was tortured in prison for 22 days.
In 1972 Dilma Rousseff was released from prison. She moved to Porto Alegre, where Carlos Araújo was serving his sentence. While she studied and worked, she was involved in the only legal opposition party Movimento Democrático Brasileiro, however, was not a member of the party. With former colleagues from the VAR Palmares they met regularly for discussions.
Political career after the military dictatorship
After the admission of other political parties in Brazil Dilma and others founded the Partido Democrático Trabalhista (PDT ). She worked as a consultant to the PDT members of parliament of Rio Grande do Sul. From 1985, she was responsible for the finances of the municipal government of Porto Alegre. The Office she gave up in 1988 when her husband Carlos Araújo ran for mayor. In 1989, she was briefly director-general of the City Council, but was dismissed.
From 1990, she was President of the Office of Economics and Statistics ( Fundação de Economia e Estatística FEE) of Rio Grande do Sul. 1993 to 1994 she was Minister of State for Energy and Communications. She then returned to the FEE.
From 1998 Dilma Rousseff was again Minister of Energy of Rio Grande do Sul. After disputes in their party to participation in the government, she joined 2000 with other members of the Partido dos Trabalhadores PDT to that represented the Governor of the State at that time.
After the election victory of Lula da Silva in the presidential election in 2002, she was appointed Minister of Energy of the Federal Government. In June 2005, she moved to the Office of the Head of Cabinet. In both offices Dilma Rousseff pursued a growth-oriented and strengthening of industrial policy and was responsible for the resignation of Marina Silva, Minister of the Environment of the Federal government, which was their counter- candidate in the presidential campaign of 2010. In March 2010, she appeared in the course of her presidential candidacy back from the Office of the Head of Cabinet.
2010 presidential election,
In the 2010 presidential election, the current incumbent Silva Lula could not run again because after two terms. He suggested his party Dilma Rousseff as a candidate. In February 2010 it was officially nominated by the PT. It was her first ever nomination for political office.
Dilma Rousseff was on the campaign trail as brittle and dogmatic. At the beginning of the campaign it was significantly behind their opposing candidate José Serra. However, by supporting the popular in many parts of the nation incumbent President Lula she picked up sharply in the polls. As of July 2010, she led well before Serra, at times it was well above 50 percent. However, in the election on 3 October 2010 she missed with 46.9 percent of the vote absolute majority and thus the direct election on the first ballot. The second ballot on 31 October, she won with about 56 percent of the vote. The handover took place on 1 January 2011.
2011 visited Dilma Rousseff as the first Brazilian head of state of Bulgaria. For them, it was also the first trip to the homeland of her father. During the visit they received the highest Bulgarian distinction, the Order " Stara Planina ". She attended addition to the capital Sofia and Veliko Tarnovo and Gabrovo, the hometown of her father, where she met relatives.
Since July 2011, she pursued a declared anti - corruption course. As a result, came to early December 2011, a total of six Cabinet members after corruption allegations back, including Tourism Minister Pedro Novais on September 15, Sports Minister Orlando Silva Júnior de Jesus on October 26 and Labour Minister Carlos Lupi on December 4.
In June 2013 broke out nationwide protests in Brazil, which are directed against the hosting of the 2014 Soccer World Cup, corruption and social injustice. On the biggest unrest since the end of military dictatorship Dilma Rousseff responded with the promise of a "big pact" for a better Brazil.
Rousseff criticized the methodology used by the NSA surveillance of persons and therefore canceled a meeting with Barack Obama. In a speech to the UN General Assembly, they accused the U.S. of breaking international law, and demanded an apology from Obama.