Northern Europe is an umbrella term for all northern European countries. For this purpose, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland, often counted the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the north of European Russia and the northern part of Great Britain. In the broadest sense, Ireland, French territories north of the Seine, the north of Belgium, the Netherlands and the coastal areas of northern Germany and Poland can be seen as part of Northern Europe. Colloquially, the Nordic countries are in Germany with the term " Northern Europe " mostly meant.
Northern Europe can be divided as follows:
- Scandinavia with Norway, Sweden and Denmark (excluding Faroe Islands and Greenland).
- The Nordic countries belonging to Europe, bringing the Nordic countries and the Faroe Islands, Finland and Iceland are meant. Although Greenland is one of the Nordic countries, but not to Europe.
- Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
- North-Eastern Europe with North-West Russia.
- The one in the German language rarely used term Northwest Europe includes the United Kingdom and Ireland, sometimes additionally Brittany, Normandy, the north of Belgium and the Netherlands. All these countries are seen in Germany but usually as part of Western Europe.
Linguistically, these areas belong to either the Germanic, the Finno -Ugric, Slavic, Baltic or the Celtic family.
Within the EU, Denmark, Finland, Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden are counted for the so-called northern group.
After division of the UN includes the geographic region of Northern Europe Åland, the Channel Islands, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, Guernsey, Iceland, Ireland, the Isle of Man, Jersey, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Sweden and the United Kingdom.