Northern European short-tailed sheep

Among the Nordic short-tailed sheep are a whole lot of country sheep breeds from Northern Europe. Make the originally occurring in the territory of sheep that can have today but lost importance and were usually replaced by modern breeds of sheep meat with greater power or finer wool.


There are usually relatively small animals with easy physique. Many breeds are horned and have a hairless head and legs. Augenscheinlichstes feature is the short hairless tails, so that they differ from the long-tailed sheep, which occur particularly in Europe and the fat-tailed sheep, which have a more Asian dissemination. The wool is in most breeds from top and undercoat. The cover wool is water repellent and consists of long coarse hair, they keep the undercoat dry, this is finer and is used to heat insulation. The colors are usually black, brown and white, but it occurs all possible gradations and mixtures. In most races, but the goats are horned, whereas the floodplains of most breeds are unbehornt, except such as Good sheep and Iceland Sheep. Short-tailed sheep are, with few exceptions, mostly regional landraces that were hardly edited planned breeding. All are well adapted to the climate of their areas of origin, sturdy and frugal.


Sheep of this type are available from Greenland and Iceland in the UK and Scandinavia to the Urals. The southern limit of distribution extends approximately from the English Channel via the Baltic Sea to the Urals, an exception is the Polish Heath Sheep ( Wrzosówka ) and the moorland.


Originally probably mostly kept in dual-purpose wool and meat is the significance, due to their robust nature and sufficiency today but in the countryside and in the extensive agriculture. Some breeds such as the Gotland sheep are also kept for meat production, thereby crossing animals produced, attain a significantly higher carcass weight than do pure Gotland. Some breeds are also used commercially for their wool ( Finn sheep) or for crossing with other breeds of sheep, because of their positive birth characteristics ( Romanov ). In Karelia and Russia but they are also held for self-sufficiency. The most commercially important breeds are Heidschnucken, Icelanders, Finn sheep and Romanovschafe.


Among the Northern European short-tailed sheep breeds include in


  • Heidschnucken
  • Moorschnucken
  • Skudden


  • Greenland sheep
  • Iceland sheep
  • Forystufé
  • Faroe sheep
  • Spaelsau ( Spaelsau )
  • Norwegian Wild Sheep ( Villsau )
  • Good sheep ( Gutefår )
  • Gotland sheep ( Gotlandsfår )
  • Dalapelzschafe ( Dalapälsfår )
  • Gestrikeschafe ( Gestrikefår )
  • Helsingeschafe ( Helsingefår )
  • Klövsjöschafe ( Klövsjöfår )
  • Roslagsschafe ( Roslagsfår )
  • Svärdsjöschafe ( Svärdsjöfår )
  • Värmlandschafe ( Värmlandsfår )
  • Åsenschafe ( Åsenfår )
  • Ryaschafe ( Ryafår )
  • Swedish forest sheep ( Skogsfår )
  • Ålandschafe ( Alandsfår )
  • Finn sheep
  • Grey Finn sheep


  • Romanovschafe,
  • Vienaschafe (Russian Viena sheep )

Great Britain

  • Borerayschafe
  • Castlmilk Moorit
  • Hebridian
  • Manx Loaghtan
  • North Ronaldsay
  • Shetland sheep


  • Wrzosówka (Polish Heath Sheep )

Baltic states

  • Estonian Ruhnuschafe,
  • Lithuanian coarse wool sheep ( one line)