The Dish (from Latin talea, cut piece ', schwäb. - Switzerland. Bayr. u - ugs. Well as the plate to Latin tellarium n ) is a mostly round, mostly flat part of the dinnerware on which the food from consumption are served, or other dishes or cutlery is placed underneath and performs other functions in the kitchen essentials.
The dish consists of:
- A depression, the mirror
- A - mostly flat - raised edge of the plume
- The annular foot on the bottom
Plate can be made of various materials: there are dishes made of porcelain and other ceramics, wood, glass, plastic, paper, etc.
The respective purpose of the dish helps decide the materials used. Just as cafeterias are often used bruchunempfindlichere melamine plate just in commercial kitchens. Similarly, this material finds application in the camping area.
In the domestic field there are mainly porcelain plates, while paper plates are often used as disposable variant at events.
Form and use
The shape of the plate is determined by its use of the most, the name is derived:
- A square plate is completely flat and has a relatively large diameter; He serves as a base for the dinner plate each gear.
- A saucer serves as a base for soup bowls, cups or similar
- A breakfast plate, cake plate or dessert plate has the same shape as the dinner plate, but a smaller diameter.
- A bread plate also has the same shape but the smallest diameter; it is used for the bread at the dinner table at the top left.
- A soup plate has a deeper shape with raised edge.
- A Anstellteller is usually crescent- shaped and follows the cutout to the bigger picture; it is used for waste or accessories such as lemon or sauce.
- A menu plate has a plurality of, usually three, sections which are separated by an intermediate wall, so that, for example, Sauce can not run from one compartment to the other.
A complete, full table service is characterized, among other things, by the fact that it offers dishes in many sizes and shapes.
Smaller plates, which are often decorated with child-friendly designs are marketed as a special children's menu. They are usually part of a special children's harnesses and usually made of break- resistant materials such as melamine and are Ornamin - established procedures.