Propositional formula

The concept statement is ambiguous. He referred in particular

  • A sentence which typically contains a statement → declarative sentence
  • The utterance, is the alleged statement as a statement → the Sprechakttyp
  • The utterance before an authority ( eg police, court ) → testimony, testimony in criminal and administrative proceedings, testimony in the disciplinary proceedings, testimony as an expert witness, etc.
  • That is what predicated → statement content ( the proposition)

In aesthetics also

  • For artistic expression; " what a work expressing ", " expression of the inner content ."

Statement as a declarative sentence

Widespread statement is equated with declarative sentence, eg in the definition of "statements are propositions that are true or false."

Synonyms for the declarative sentence is declarative or descriptive sentence.

A declarative sentence is semantically a declarative sentence, ie a linguistic formulation is associated with either a situation, a guess, a thesis or a personal item such as an opinion expressed. Seen Grammatically is a statement in the Indo-European languages ​​, a sentence in the indicative mode.

In the grammar school which declarative sentences are the question sets and instruction sets is compared as sets a fundamentally different meaning and use.

However, a fundamental difference exists between the statement and the statement set: A statement is only typically expressed by a declarative sentence. Not all declarative sentences serve the enforcement of assertions and not all statements are completed by declarative sentences.

  • Example: I would have liked to win the lottery is a declarative sentence, but no statement, but expresses a wish.
  • Example: I promise to marry you is not a statement but a betrothal promise.

Statement as a statement claiming

The term also refers to the statement claiming utterance, ie the claim (also: the constative utterance, the finding, etc.). It refers to a certain Sprechakttyp.

Thus saith example, you of the testimony (in the sense of action).

The claim as speech act is done usually in the form of a declarative sentence. But this is not mandatory. A rhetorical question, for example, be a rhetorical (covert ) assertion.

Statement as true and viable sense

A statement, which is what is typically said in an assertive statement in a declarative sentence, is that of which one can say makes sense, it is either true or false. This is the concept of testimony, as it is in the logic ( statement ( logic) ) and the related known in linguistics, especially in the speech act, proposition.

In a ( colloquial / linguistic ) sense of how the is not as strict in logic is also what a statement or a - appears to - contains assertive statement, called the statement.

  • Example: The expression of It's raining abstract is grammatically a declarative sentence, the colloquial statement has a content, but lack capacity for truth (when, where? ) Represents no statement in the logical sense; However, in the context of the specific statement (place, time ) is a wahrheitsdefinite statement.
  • For example, a witness says in his " testimony " nothing concrete, verify, or falsifiable, talking around the bush. His " statement" is not a statement in the logical sense ( should it be only ).

The authorization of the distinction between declarative sentence and statement (sentence ) content is thus clear that a statement made ​​( a proposition) by different declarative sentences ( predicated ) can be:

  • Example:

Or in other sentences as declarative sentences: