Qırmızı Qəsəbə

Qırmızı Qəsəbə, to 1991 in Russian: Krasnaya Sloboda ( Red settlement ), is a town in the north of the Caucasus Quba Rayon Republic of Azerbaijan.


Qırmızı Qəsəbə is on the other side of the river Kudyal compared to the larger city of Quba.

History and population

The entire population of the city, 3287 people in 2012, is one of the Mountain Jews that are proven to live here since the 13th century. In 1742 the Jews from the Khan of Quba Feteli Khan granted permission to plant a settlement at its present location. The residents were promised freedom of religion. The original name of Hebrew / Jewish settlement ( Jewreiskaja Sloboda ) was changed during the Soviet period in Red settlement.

The Mountain Jews speak a abgeleitetet from the Persian language, the Dschuhuri.

The period after the turn

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s migrated more than 75 % of the 18,000 inhabitants of the city to Israel and the United States. However, the most successful business people from Krasnaya Sloboda were the ones who went to Moscow and there, for example on the Tscherkisowoer market did business. Some of them, as Telman Ismailov Mardanowitsch, Sarach Ilijew or God Nisanow today are millionaires and billionaires, those in Moscow, among others, owns the hotel Ukraina and the shopping center Ewropejskij.

The Mountain Jews in the distance make even today that the small town has good roads and good infrastructure. The houses look well-groomed, a new synagogue Bet Knesset was built and the cemeteries are for some emigrants to the last resting place.