A regency (Latin regere - ' steer ', govern, guide, ') is the deputy rule of a non -winning head of state in a monarchy in place of the ruler.
Reasons the regency are minority of the legitimate monarch, its prevention by a serious illness (particularly mental illness ) or captivity.
Regent is usually the after Primogeniturordnung who is next, capable of governing Agnat. This then ruled as Prince Regent. Often, the mother of the future emperor was - used - is a minor. Alternatively, a regency council comes into question. In the Holy Roman Empire, the Empire vicars was responsible for the continuation of current operations for the period between the death of the emperor and the election of a new.
Historically important include the regencies of:
- 223-253: Zhuge Liang, Jiang Wan and Fei Yi for the Chinese Shu Han emperor Liu Shan
- 249-265: Sima Yi, Sima Shi and Sima Zhao of the Chinese Wei Emperor
- 395-408: Stilicho for the Western Roman Emperor Honorius
- 425-437: Galla Placidia for her son, the Western Roman Emperor Valentinian III.
- 10th and 11th century: The Japanese rulers of the Fujiwara family
- 1560-1589: Caterina de ' Medici for her sons Charles IX. and Henry III. of France
- 1715-1723: Regency: Philippe d' Orléans, Louis XV. of France
- 1811-1820: Regency: George IV for his insane father
- 1833-1840: Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies for her daughter Isabella II of Spain
- 1885-1902: Maria Christina of Austria for her son Alfonso XIII. from Spain
- 1886-1912: Prince Regent time: Luitpold of Bavaria for Ludwig II and Otto
- 1890-1898: Netherlands: Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont for her daughter Wilhelmina of Orange- Nassau
- 1916-1918: Regency Kingdom of Poland, re-establishment of the Kingdom of Poland even without establishment of a monarch under the control of the Central Powers in World War I.
- 1945-1950: Charles of Belgium for his brother Leopold III.