Romantic nationalism

As national romanticism cultural and political currents are referred to, offer the romantic interpretation patterns, expressions and images of historical and political processes as well as for the identity of the nation understood as social groups. Frequently found national romantic motifs in the design of national monuments and in the design of public buildings in the 19th and early 20th century use, for example when Hermann and the Niederwald Monument.

In Scandinavia, a special direction of cultural policy, architecture, literature and painting is referred to in 1900 with the concept of national romanticism, took up the elements of folk art, the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau. Consciousness was linked to national traditions also with the pursuit of monumentality and simplification of forms there. In Sweden, especially Ragnar Östbergs construction of the Stockholm City Hall (1911-1923) is an outstanding example of national romanticism in Finland it is the work of Eliel Saarinen, especially his Helsinki Central Station. The Oslo City Hall has outwardly adopted a rather functionalist formal language due to its approximately 35 - year planning history (completed in 1950), but shows significant elements of national romanticism in the design of the interiors. Similar trends in search of a conscious national architectural style, there were at that time in Hungary, such as Odon Lechner and Karoly Kos. The German style home is a similar phenomenon.