Rudolf Wagner

Rudolf Wagner ( * June 30, 1805 in Bayreuth, † May 13, 1864 in Göttingen ) was a German anatomist and physiologist.


Rudolf Wagner, the son of the high school director Lorenz Heinrich Wagner (1774-1841), began his medical studies in 1822 in Erlangen and put it in 1824 in Würzburg, inter alia, by Johann Lukas Schönlein ( 1793-1864 ) continued. He was a member of the fraternity of the boys Reuther in Erlangen and the fraternity Germania to Würzburg. After receiving his doctorate in 1826, he traveled to devote himself to the comparative anatomy to Paris. He traveled the coasts of France and the Mediterranean, in the lower animals interested. In 1828 he went to Munich, and a year later to Erlangen where he qualified as a Privatdozent. After a trip to Trieste, he got a call to 1832 professor of zoology. In 1833 he became a professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at the University of Erlangen. In 1840, he was the successor of Johann Friedrich Blumenbach at the University of Göttingen. Where he took over the professorial chairs for the subjects of zoology, physiology and comparative anatomy until his death. In 1844 he took over the Vice President's Office, University of Göttingen

In the materialism dispute, which reached its peak in 1854, Wagner was the most important representative of the traditionalists, while Carl Vogt was at the head of the materialists.

In 1832 he married Rosalie Henke ( 1813-1894 ), the eldest daughter of the Erlangen professor Adolph Henke ( 1775-1843 ), later wrote a biography about the Wagner. From the marriage, among others, the economist and financial expert Adolph Wagner and the geographer Hermann Wagner emerged; daughter Sophie married the archaeologist Otto Benndorf. 1861 decline in health, 1863 stroke with hemiplegia and died on May 13, 1864

Rudolf Wagner's brother Moritz Wagner was a commercial traveler, geographer and naturalist.


This is certainly the wonderful characteristic of Scripture, that it against him that deepens with wahrhaftem serious and insistent dedication into it and its internal and external checks on their experiences, to satisfy itself that it is of divine origin; in steadfast way he will notice this ( Zöckler, 451)


  • The natural history of man. (2 volumes) Kempten, 1831st
  • Contributions to the comparative physiology of the blood. Leipzig, 1832-1833; with additions in 1838.
  • Textbook of comparative anatomy. Leipzig 1834/35, Neuaufl. 1843 and the Baptist: Textbook of Zootomie. doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.11174
  • Textbook of Physiology speciellen. Leipzig, 1838.
  • Floor plan of Encyklopadie and methodology of the medical sciences from a historical perspective. Erlangen 1838. (GBS )
  • Icones physio logicae. Leipzig, 1839.
  • Icones zootomicae. Leipzig, 1841.
  • Handbook of physiology with regard to physiological pathology. 4 volumes. Brunswick from 1842 to 1853. (Excerpts )
  • Memories of Dr. Adolph Henke, Councillor and professor in Erlangen. Erlangen, 1844 ( GBS)
  • Handbook of Physics in detailed and clear Extracts: Cardinal for students of medicine; with 329 woodcuts. Leipzig 1851. Digitized edition of the University and State Library Dusseldorf
  • Neurological examinations, Göttingen 1853/54
  • Zoological and anthropological studies. Göttingen 1861. Online
  • Chemistry: comprehensible presented according to the latest views of science; for students of natural sciences, medicine and the Pharmacie, as for the use for commercial and secondary schools; with 69 woodcuts. Wigand, Leipzig 5th ed 1864Digitalisierte edition of the University and State Library Dusseldorf